What is Mediterranean anemia (thalassemia)?

What is Mediterranean anemia (thalassemia)?

Mediterranean anemia (beta-thalassemia) is a group of inherited diseases characterized by a genetic deficiency in the synthesis of beta-globin chains of the hemoglobin substance that gives redness to the blood. In the homozygous state, beta-thalassemia (i.e. thalassemia major) causes severe, anemia that requires a continuous blood transfusion. In the heterozygous state, beta-thalassemia (i.e. thalassemia minor) … Read more