What are dry eyes? What are the treatment methods for dry eyes?

What is good for dry eyes?

Dry eyes: One of the most important conditions for a healthy body is to have healthy eyes. For this reason, necessary measures should be taken to protect eye health and eye checks should be done without interruption. Thus, eye diseases that may occur can be detected in advance and the treatment of detected diseases can be done quickly. For healthy and strong eyes, there are some points that people should pay attention to in daily life. The regular eye examination is one of these. In addition, carrots, orange juice, melon, etc. which are good for eye health. Attention should be paid to the consumption of such foods. Taking the necessary care for eye health ensures a high quality of life and leads to a better quality of life. Considering all these, it should not be forgotten that eye health should always be protected.

What are dry eyes?

Dry eye is a common condition that occurs when tears are unable to provide the necessary hydration for the eyes. Tears can be insufficient to moisturize the eyes for many reasons. While insufficient tears can cause dry eyes, poor quality of tears also causes dryness. This condition is likely to be temporary or chronic. The chronic dry eye means that this problem has been going on for a long time. If it is chronic, the symptoms may improve from time to time, but the dry eye does not disappear completely. Chronic dry eye often occurs when not enough tears are produced. This may be because the tears evaporate too quickly. There is also a possibility that there is inflammation in or around the eye.

Temporary dry eyes usually occur due to environmental factors. Symptoms arise from the use of contact lenses or due to prolonged exposure in a dry environment. Chronic dry eye is usually caused by another underlying condition. Skin diseases and allergic conditions in the eye glands and around the eyes can all cause chronic dry eye. Despite all these, there are many methods for treating dry eyes. Doctors can use many techniques or dry eye drops to reduce symptoms, and home treatment is possible using many natural remedies. Skin diseases and allergic conditions in the eye glands and around the eyes can all cause chronic dry eye. Despite all this, there are many methods for treating dry eye.

Doctors can use many techniques or dry eye drops to reduce symptoms, and home treatment is possible using many natural remedies. Skin diseases and allergic conditions in the eye glands and around the eyes can all cause chronic dry eye. Despite all this, there are many methods for treating dry eyes. Doctors can use many techniques or dry eye drops to reduce symptoms, and home treatment is possible using many natural remedies.

What are dry eyes? What are the treatment methods for dry eyes?

What are the symptoms of dry eyes?

Symptoms are similar in most patients. It usually affects both eyes. In rare patients, dryness is seen in one eye, but not in the other eye. The most common dry eye symptoms are:

  • Stinging, burning, or itchy feeling in the eyes
  • Fibrous mucus buildup in or around the eyes
  • Sensitivity to daylight or other lights,
  • Eyes that are mostly red or occasionally red
  • The feeling that there is a substance in the eyes,
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses, the feeling that the lenses constantly sink into the eyes,
  • Difficulty driving at night or inability to focus on the road,
  • Watery eyes, which is the body’s reaction to dry eyes,
  • Blurred vision and tired eyes are the constant desire to close the eyes.

These symptoms are similar in most patients. However, it is not always possible for every symptom to appear in an individual with dry eyes. However, the symptoms are very severe and should be treated at home or in the hospital without delay. Otherwise, dry eye reduces the standard of living and creates a constant feeling of discomfort. Therefore, its treatment should be done without delay.

What are the causes of dry eyes?

There are many answers to the question of what causes dry eyes. Age progression is a factor that can cause dry eyes due to the decrease in the amount and quality of tears produced. Besides, the side effects of some medications cause dry eyes. Wear contact lenses for too long can also cause dry eyes. Some allergies and medical conditions also cause dry eyes. However, the main cause of dry eyes is the lack of tears. Tears; It is a combination of water, some moisturizing oils, and mucus in different combinations. This mixture helps to make the eye surface smooth and clear and helps protect the eyes against infections.

In some people, the cause of dry eye is decreased tear production. This condition includes aging, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, It is caused by factors such as thyroid disorders and vitamin A deficiencies. Also, tear gland damage from previous laser eye surgeries, inflammation, or radiation can cause dry eyes. Wind, smoke or dry air, less opening and closing of the eyes while using the computer or watching television cause temporary dry eyes. Except those:

  • Antihistamines,
  • Decongestants,
  • Hormone replacement therapy,
  • Antidepressants and high blood pressure
  • Acne,
  • Medications used for birth control and Parkinson’s disease can also cause dry eyes.

How is dry eye diagnosed?

There are a number of tests and procedures that can be used to determine the cause of dry eye. The most used of these is a comprehensive eye examination. An eye exam is performed, which includes a complete history of the patient’s general health and eye health. As a result of this examination, the cause of dry eye is mostly determined. The amount of tears is measured in addition to the examination. To measure the number of tears, the doctor uses a test called “Schirmer”. In this test, a special paper is placed under the eyelids and the patient is kept for a while. As a result of the test, the amount of tears is determined according to the amount that the special strip is wetted. In addition to this test, tests are also performed to determine the quality of tears. The tests are done with specially painted drops on the eye surface. The drops are examined on the corneal surface and the evaporation state and quality of the tears are determined.

Thus, the cause that causes eye dryness can be found and the necessary treatments are started without delay. For early diagnosis and treatment, individuals up to the age of 30 should have an eye exam every 5 to 10 years. Those over the age of 40 should have an eye examination every 4 years, people over the age of 55 once every 3 years, and after the age of 65 once a year. People who wear glasses or contact lenses have a family history of eye disease or vision loss, and people with serious illnesses such as diabetes should have an eye exam more frequently. He should go for an eye exam every 5 to 10 years. Those over the age of 40 should have an eye examination every 4 years, people over the age of 55 once every 3 years, and after the age of 65 once a year. People who wear glasses or contact lenses have a family history of eye disease or vision loss, and people with serious illnesses such as diabetes should have an eye exam more frequently. She should go for an eye exam every 5 to 10 years.

Those over the age of 40 should have an eye examination every 4 years, people over the age of 55 every 3 years, and after the age of 65 once a year. People who wear glasses or contact lenses have a family history of eye disease or vision loss, and people with serious illnesses such as diabetes should have an eye exam more frequently.

What are the treatment methods?

Since dry eye is very common due to today’s lifestyle, one of the most frequently asked questions is the question of what is good for dry eyes. Avoiding air currents caused by air conditioners and fans, especially used in summer months, prevents dry eyes. Again, using sunglasses in summer is an effective way to prevent this. In the winter months, unnatural heating methods cause the air to dry in homes. Therefore, the eyes dry up more.

In order to prevent this, the air of the house should be humidified with special devices or water that will evaporate and humidify the air that should be placed on the heater cores. Frequent reading, prolonged computer use, and watching TV for a long time are among the factors that cause eye strain and dryness. While these activities continue, taking a break and resting the eyes for a few minutes prevents dry eyes from occurring. In addition, the doctor may recommend an antibiotic-containing drop or oral antibiotic for eyelid inflammation underlying dry eye. Antibiotic treatment is also applied for dry eyes caused by corneal inflammation.

Artificial tears can also be recommended by many doctors. It is generally used in the treatment of non-chronic dry eyes. Non-chronic dry eye treatment is applied for a temporary period and is terminated when the disease disappears. However, chronic dry eye treatment continues for a longer time. Antibiotic treatment is also applied for dry eyes caused by corneal inflammation. Artificial tears can also be recommended by many doctors. It is generally used in the treatment of non-chronic dry eyes. Non-chronic dry eye treatment is applied for a temporary period and is terminated when the disease disappears.

However, chronic dry eye treatment continues for a longer time. Antibiotic treatment is also applied for dry eyes caused by corneal inflammation. Artificial tears can also be recommended by many doctors. It is generally used in the treatment of non-chronic dry eyes. Non-chronic dry eye treatment is applied for a temporary period and is terminated when the disease disappears. However, chronic dry eye treatment continues for a longer time.

If you also complain of dry eyes and show symptoms of dry eyes, you should be examined as soon as possible. Otherwise, dry eye may become chronic and turn into a disease that needs to be treated for a lifetime.

The page content is for informational purposes only. Items containing information about therapeutic healthcare services are not included in the content of the page. Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.

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