Psychological illnesses or Mental health diseases are health problems that deeply affect the lives of individuals and must be treated with caution. Many Psychological illnesses, whose prevalence increases with changing living conditions both in our country and in the world, have a progressive feature when not treated. In psychiatry clinics of hospitals, psychiatrists and psychologists play a common role in the diagnosis, treatment, and treatment of psychological diseases. While determining the treatment plan of psychiatric diseases, which are two main treatment areas, namely cognitive-behavioral therapy and drug therapy, many factors such as the type of the disease, the patient’s social and physiological status, and lifestyle are evaluated together.
Some of the most common mental illnesses or psychological illnesses include:
Depression, which is one of the most common Psychological illnesses; is a common and serious disease that negatively affects individuals’ feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. In addition, depression is as common as it can be treated. Depression is also defined as a lack of emotion towards upsetting events or activities enjoyed. It is likely to cause a variety of emotional and physical problems, and can also reduce individuals’ ability to work at work or at home. The most common symptoms are feeling sad or depressed mood, lack of emotion to events, trouble sleeping, a feeling of loss of energy or weakness, and even thoughts of suicide in the later stages. These symptoms must continue for at least two consecutive weeks in order to be diagnosed with depression.
2.OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
Obsessive-compulsive disorder to anxiety disorder in which people need to repeat an activity and have unwanted thoughts, ideas, and sensations (obsessions)called. Even simple daily tasks such as hand washing, checking things, and cleaning negatively affect a person’s social life, even making people feel unhappy while doing these behaviors. Many people with OCD know or suspect that their attachments are not true; Some people with OCD believe that these doubts are correct. But even when they know these attachments are not true, people with OCD find it difficult to keep their focus away from obsessions or stop compulsive actions. Cognitive and behavioral treatments and drug therapies are used together for the treatment of the disease. By accepting that they have OCD and learning to cope with it, patients can make the treatments go better.
Social phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that manifests itself in events that involve individuals’ interactions with other people in their daily life. The main source of discomfort is individuals’ feeling of being viewed and negatively viewed by people in their social environment. Another name for this disease is a social anxiety disorder and it is quite common in world societies. Social phobia negatively affects people’s relationships with people and causes difficulties in establishing individual relationships. It generally occurs during childhood or adolescence. The most common emotional symptoms are fear, excessive sweating, tachycardia, irritability, and anxiety. It can be easily diagnosed with social phobia tests. Psychotherapy and various medications are recommended together for the treatment of the disease.
4.POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
Terrible and dangerous situations that endanger human life and threaten their safety are defined as trauma. Heavy traffic accidents, natural disasters, fatal diseases, wars can be exemplified as traumatic events. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental illness that may occur in individuals after such traumatic situations. Since women are more exposed to traumatic events, post-traumatic stress disorder is more common in women. The feeling that the traumatic event may be re-experienced and the feeling of being threatened are the most common symptoms. Treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder is often successful with psychotherapy. While psychotherapy continues, various antidepressant medications are given to the patients. The success rate of drug therapy combined with psychotherapy is quite high.
It is a psychiatric illness that causes intense distress in the form of seizures with feelings of dread, fear, panic, and rush that appear suddenly for no reason. Panic attacks, which are very common in our country and in the world, repeat at variable intervals and significantly affect daily life. The attacks are usually shorter than half an hour, but in some people, they can last up to 1 hour. The frequency, duration, and severity of attacks differ from person to person. In the treatment of the panic disorder, which includes symptoms such as sweating, palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and fear of death, either drug treatment and cognitive behavioral therapy or a combination of two treatments may be preferred.Psychological illnesses
Bipolar disorder, also known as a bipolar affective disorder, is characterized by the fact that the individual suddenly turns into a mood of negative thoughts and withdrawal after a period of time when he feels very well. In another definition, illness is the individual’s mood moving between two different extremes. The patient must be carefully evaluated by the psychiatrist in order to diagnose the disease correctly. While the bipolar disorder picture is at its highest level, the patient has a hyperactive, excited, and happy mood. In the other extreme, the depression phase, the patient distances himself from the outside world and withdraws himself. At this stage, suicidal tendencies and abnormal behavior tendencies can be seen. Antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs are used in the treatment.
7. ADULT ATTENTION LACK AND HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Adult attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, which usually begins in childhood and has lifelong effects; It includes some problems such as difficulty in focusing, forgetfulness, interruption of work, difficulty in organizing, difficulty in continuing the task. Patients often state that they have difficulty following the events in their minds and cannot focus on any subject. Patients who have difficulty controlling their anger through failure may have difficulties in their business life. Various drug applications and cognitive-behavioral treatment approach play a role in the treatment.
8. COMMON SOURCE DISORDER
The most basic symptom of generalized anxiety disorder is that the mild and manageable anxiety level that occurs naturally in daily life is replaced by a continuous, excessive and inappropriate type of anxiety and pessimism. Generalized anxiety disorder, which is exacerbated during periods of stress and sad events, usually begins in childhood or young adulthood. It is a treatable disease and its treatment includes medication and cognitive therapies.
9. SUBSTANCE AND NICOTINE ADDICTION
Along with regular use in individuals, various natural or chemical drugs and nicotine are addictive. Addiction is basically the observation of withdrawal symptoms as a result of delaying drug or nicotine use, and physical symptoms such as nervousness, tremors, headache, and abnormal movements are added to this. In addition to its physiological dimension, drug therapies and psychological treatments also play a role in the cessation of addictions, which are a kind of psychological illness.
If you have any of the above Psychological illnesses or have different mental health conditions, you can prevent the effects of your illness on you by taking the right treatment and live a healthier and more enjoyable life. If you have the symptoms of any mental illness, you can be examined by applying to health institutions and you can start your treatment process after the diagnosis is made.
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