What are skin diseases? The skin is the body’s largest organ, completely covering the outer surface of the body. Skin is in constant contact with the external environment; It interacts with allergens, physical factors, climatic conditions, microbial substances, and many other environmental factors. This situation makes the skin sensitive to many diseases. Skin diseases are among the most common health problems in our country and in the world. The diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up procedures of skin diseases, which have many different types according to the region and the reason for their occurrence, are carried out by the dermatology (dermatology) units of the hospitals. Symptoms seen in many skin diseases are similar. This may cause some problems such as delayed diagnosis and incorrect treatment practices. Like all other diseases, skin diseases are also very important. For this reason, it is important to take skin diseases as seriously as any other disease and to take the necessary precautions for early diagnosis and treatment. Thus, more successful treatment can be applied before the disease progresses.
What are skin diseases?
Skin diseases vary widely in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and they can be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, temporary, and easily treatable, while others can be life-threatening. Here are some of the most common skin problems:
Acne: The common name known in society is acne. While it is seen intensely in many people in certain periods, it is seen in some people throughout their lives. There are several factors that trigger acne to occur. Acne formation is generally seen in humans as a result of the occlusion of the glands responsible for oil production under the skin and hair follicles for various reasons. The increase in sebum production of the human body that keeps the skin moist causes unnecessary sebum cells to die. As a result, white or black spot formation is observed as a result of the dead sebum cells getting stuck in the pores. In this case, bacteria living in the human body are trapped in the pores and acne occurs. It is usually found on the forehead, chest, face, shoulders, and upper back. Although acne can occur at any age from birth, it is common in young people. Acne; Hormone imbalances, medications used, and foods with high sugar can be concentrated. Therefore, people should pay attention to their diet and the drugs they use.
Eczema is a type of skin disease that causes the skin to be red and itchy. Like acne, eczema can be seen in people of all ages and is more common in children. Eczema, which is scientifically called atopic dermatitis, may be chronic in some patients, and it occurs periodically in some patients. Chronic eczema patients should get used to living with this disease for life. In some rare cases, eczema may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. There is no cure for eczema yet. However, applied treatments and personal care can prevent the itching caused by eczema and prevent the emergence of new epidemics. Patients with eczema should avoid harsh soaps, moisturize the skin regularly, and use the creams prescribed by the doctor to alleviate the disease.
Hives are small bumps that appear on the skin and disappear in a short time, resembling an insect or fly bite, in the form of red or skin color. Skin rashes are likely to be hives and are accompanied by itching. Also known as urticaria, hives affect about 20 percent of people around the world in some parts of their lives. Itching, alcoholic drinks, exercise, or emotional changes can increase the severity of hives and itching. Any signs of hives should be examined. Creams and ointments prescribed by the doctor will alleviate and eliminate the symptoms of hives.
HERPES AND CRAFT
Nervous inflammation caused by the virus called chickenpox zoster, which also causes chickenpox, is called shingles. Chickenpox occurs in childhood and is contagious, this disease may reappear as shingles in later years. After chickenpox, the dormant virus forms the area in the nerve roots. Shingles also occur when the body is weakened. Herpes is caused by a virus called herpes simplex. It usually manifests itself as sores on the mouth, lips, and gums. These sores appear in clumps of fluid, pain, and. The herpes virus settles in the human body and remains in the body for a lifetime. Like the shingles virus, the herpes virus occurs when the body resistance is low. Cream or ointment on the doctor’s advice helps alleviate the disease.
Psoriasis is effective in the formation of increased skin cell production. Psoriasis causes red, scaly patches on the skin. Although these stains are usually seen on the elbows, knees, scalp, and back, they can also occur anywhere on the body. Some patients experience itching and pain. No age group is more prone to the disease, people of all ages can get psoriasis. The disease does not progress in the same course in every patient, itching, and pain may be more severe in some patients and milder in others. Vitamin D analogs or topical corticosteroids are used to treat the disease. Creams and ointments are provided for these applications. More systematic treatments are applied to patients for whom these treatment methods are insufficient. These treatment methods include oral or injected medications.
Fungal infections have a large share in skin diseases. Failure to treat the fungus can cause other infections to add to this disease. There is a possibility of causing lymph node inflammation called lymphangitis. There are many types of fungal infections. The most common of these are nail fungus, groin fungus, body fungus, and genital area fungi. Nail fungi cause the nail to deform and break. Groin fungus occurs in the thigh area and manifests itself in the form of redness, itching, and swelling. Body fungi can be seen all over the body. Again, it manifests itself in the form of itching, redness, and swelling. Genital fungi are as common in women as vaginal fungi. It manifests itself in the form of itching, odor, and discharge.
Skin cancer usually occurs in people exposed to intense sun exposure, with abnormal growth of skin cells. However, it doesn’t just occur on sun-exposed areas of the skin. There is a possibility of skin cancer all over the body. Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma are seen in three different ways. Skin cancer can be prevented by reducing the exposure time to ultraviolet rays. Thus, it is possible to reduce the risk of skin cancer. When the sun is intense, exposure to the sun without the use of body cream increases the risk. It is usually seen on the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms, and hands that come into direct contact with the sun. Especially women are more likely to be seen in the legs. Although rare, there is a risk of skin cancer in the palms, fingers, and toenails. Studies have revealed that people with fair skin tones have more skin cancer. However, this does not mean that people with dark skin do not have skin cancer. Skin cancer also occurs in people with dark skin, albeit at a lower rate. Various types of treatment are possible, including freezing, excisional surgery, Mohs surgery, curettage and electrodesiccation or cryotherapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and biological therapy.
If you have symptoms related to any of the above diseases or different skin diseases, you can be examined by applying to the dermatology outpatient clinics of health institutions.
Page content is for informational purposes only. Items containing information about therapeutic healthcare services are not included in the content of the page. Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.
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- Merck Manual (Consumer Version). Diagnosis of Skin Disorders. (https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/skin-disorders/biology-of-the-skin/diagnosis-of-skin-disorders) Accessed 6/4/2021.
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Skin Diseases. (https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/skin-diseases) Accessed 6/4/2021.
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