Your foot is a complex web of bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Strong enough to support your body weight, your foot may be prone to injury and pain. You can find in our news the curious about foot pain, one of the most common problems among musculoskeletal disorders. What causes foot pain? Here is the foot pain treatment.
The foot includes bones and joints, ligaments, muscles/tendons, nerves, blood vessels, skin, and soft tissue structures. The disease of any of these structures in the foot can cause foot pain. Also, foot pain is caused by conditions such as injury or inflammation of any bones, ligaments, or tendons in the feet. What causes foot pain? Everything you need to know about foot pain treatment is in our news with all the details.
Causes of Foot Pain
Injury, overuse, or conditions that cause inflammation of many bones, ligaments, or tendons in the feet can cause foot pain. Arthritis is a common cause of foot pain. Injury to the foot nerves can result in intense burning, numbness, or tingling (peripheral neuropathy). Some common causes of foot pain are:
– Achilles tendinitis
– Achilles tendon rupture
– Avulsion fracture
– Bone spurs
– Broken ankle
– Broken foot
– Bursitis (arthritis)
– Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage caused by diabetes)
– Flat insoles
– Gout (with excess uric acid associated arthritis)
– Haglund’s deformity
– Hammertoe and hammertoe
– High heels or unsuitable shoes
– Ingrown toenails
– Morton’s neuroma
– Osteoarthritis (a disease that causes joints to break down)
– Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
– Paget bone disease
– Peripheral neuropathy
– Plantar fasciitis
– Plantar warts
– Psoriatic arthritis
– Raynaud’s disease
– Reactive arthritis
– Retrorocaneal bursitis
– Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
– Septic arthritis
– Stress fractures
– Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Especially foot involvement is common in rheumatoid arthritis, gout, seronegative spondyloarthropathies. It progresses with pain, swelling, redness, and warmth in the foot joints.
Foot Pain Treatment
Although mild foot pain often responds well to home remedies, it can take time to pass. It is useful to consult a doctor, especially if there is severe foot pain as a result of an injury. When foot pain interferes with your normal activities, you should seek medical attention.
Treatments are best directed at the specific cause of the pain.
- When you first notice discomfort or pain in the area, you can treat it by resting, applying ice, and keeping your feet elevated. Painkillers and edema medications can also be used to reduce discomfort and pain.
- Rest benefits the healing of tissues in the affected area. Crutches should be used if you have difficulty putting weight on the foot. Proper use of commercially available ankles and foot supports can provide rest, comfort, and support to the affected area.
- Ice should not last longer than 20 minutes. Ice can be put in a plastic bag or wrapped in a towel. Ice packs are generally not recommended because they are very cold. If excessive discomfort occurs, the icing should be stopped immediately. Alternatively, the affected limb can be soaked in cold water mixed with Epsom salt.
- Wrapping the foot and holding it high will help prevent the affected tissues from swelling. Excessive swelling can cause nerve fibers in the affected area to stretch, which can cause further pain. Therefore, reducing swelling often provides some pain relief.
- There are two types of over-the-counter medications that can help reduce foot pain and prevent swelling. While acetaminophen (Tylenol) helps reduce pain, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin), or naproxen (Naprosyn) can help reduce pain and also reduce inflammation. Care should be taken when using these drugs, as the dosage is important. Additionally, those with acid reflux or stomach ulcers and kidney problems should consult a doctor before using it.
- For the relief of plantar fasciitis, rolling a frozen water bottle under the foot and various stretching exercises are known to be beneficial. It is beneficial to avoid barefoot as well as supportive and proper shoe assembly. In addition, corticosteroid injection may be helpful.
- In calluses, the foot can be soaked in warm water to soften the callus and clean with a pumice stone. It is inconvenient to cut and burn calluses.
- A long rest period is often required for foot pain due to stress fractures.
- Occasionally, surgery may be required to shave the bony protrusion and correct the deformity.
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- Freiberg’s disease. (2015).
- Guttek, N., et al. (2019). Pain on the plantar surface of the foot.
- Ingrown toenail. (2012).
- Kadakia, A. R. (2010). Achilles tendinitis.
- Morton’s neuroma. (2012).
- Osteoarthritis. (n.d.).
- Swelling (edema) and diabetes. (2019).
- Thomas, M. J., et al. (2011). The population prevalence of foot and ankle pain in middle and old age: A systematic review [Abstract].
- Weatherford, B. M. (2020). Hammer toe.
- When foot pain may mean arthritis. (n.d.).