What does Testosterone do? The effects on men’s and women’s health?

Testosterone, also known as the male hormone, is secreted by the testicles. It has a very important role in sperm production. It is produced in a small amount in women. Although testosterone mostly affects sexual development, it is important for the healthy development of muscles and bones and the healthy completion of puberty in men. Testosterone deficiency can cause problems such as weakness in muscles and bones, inability to get an erection, and sexual dysfunction in men. Testosterone supplements are mostly used for their treatment. Changes in lifestyle can also be very beneficial during the treatment phase.

What is Testosterone?

Androgens are male sex hormones secreted so that a child can complete his sexual maturity and turn into an adult man. It is secreted in even greater amounts during adolescence and significantly affects growth, reproduction, and overall health in males. Testosterone is an androgen that stimulates the development of male characteristics. It is produced by Leydig cells in the testicles in men. It is also secreted by the adrenal glands, although in a small amount.

What does Testosterone do? The effects on men's and women's health?
Testosterone hormone is very important for men’s health

This hormone, which increases sexual desire by affecting the libido in both men and women, is the cause of many physical changes, especially in adolescents. After it is secreted by the ovaries and adrenal glands in women, most of it is converted into estradiol, known as the female sex hormone.

Today, low testosterone levels are becoming more and more common. Especially after 2012, the number of those who went to the doctor to use testosterone supplements increased almost 5 times.

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What does Testosterone do?

The main task of testosterone is to ensure sperm production in men. In addition, it contributes to the protection of bone density, muscle strength, and mass, facial and hair health in men. This hormone, which is also responsible for the development of red blood cells, is a determinant of the formation of the sexual organs while the baby is in the womb.

While it arouses sexual desire, it also helps the penis to harden and fulfill its ejaculation function during sexual intercourse. Increase of body and pubic hair, enlargement of the penis in adolescents; It has functions such as directing sexual behavior changes. Insufficient or excessive secretion of testosterone negatively affects the physical and mental development of adolescents. Girls, as well as boys, can be exposed to these adverse effects.

What does Testosterone do? The effects on men's and women's health?

Testosterone deficiency

The testosterone hormone tends to decrease in men after the age of 30. The hormone level decreases to the lowest level, especially in men over the age of 60. Testosterone deficiency, which is not a life-threatening problem, can develop due to testicular injuries and some diseases as well as aging. Certain chronic conditions and obesity can lead to this problem.

Excessive secretion of cortisone hormone in men due to stress, some metabolic disorders, irregular and insufficient sleep, alcohol, and smoking; Other important factors that reduce the levels of testosterone. Genetic factors, congenital under-secretion of testosterone in the baby; can lead to testosterone deficiency.

Androgen deficiency affects nearly one in 200 people under the age of 60. Removal of the ovaries in women, low functioning of the adrenal glands, some problems in the pituitary gland; may mediate a testosterone deficiency.

Sometimes testosterone deficiency can also develop due to chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, kidney and liver failure, HIV / AIDS. Sometimes, behind this problem, there may be some genetic disorders such as Klinefelter syndrome, myotonic dystrophy, and Prader-Willi syndrome.

What kind of problems does testosterone deficiency cause?

Many problems can be seen in men as well as women due to testosterone deficiency. Sexual dysfunctions, insomnia, and other sleep disorders, loss of motivation and self-esteem, depressed mood, problems with memory; It is the most important consequence of the decrease in the secretion of this hormone in line with the advancement of age in men.


People who use certain medications regularly, have thyroid problems, have depression, or have sleep apnea problems may experience more severe problems. In women, pale skin color, reduction in body hair, skin wrinkles, and dryness can be seen.

What kind of problems does testosterone deficiency cause in men?

  • Sexual reluctance, inability to erect, premature ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction
  • Muscle and bone resorption
  • Diabetes and obesity
  • Anxiety, depression, etc. mental health problems
  • Cardiovascular disorders
  • Loss of body hair
  • Loss of muscle mass and strength
  • Energy reduction
  • Testicular shrinkage
  • Enlarged and swollen breast tissue
  • Low sperm count and decreased sperm quality
What does Testosterone do? The effects on men's and women's health?

Testosterone excess in men

Just like the lack of testosterone, its excess can lead to a number of problems. However, the effects of high hormone secretion vary depending on gender and age. It is often difficult to detect the symptoms of hormone excess in men. However, excessive secretion of this hormone in both men and women causes young children to enter puberty at a younger age.

Boys can enter puberty before the age of 9. Infertility is an important consequence of high testosterone secretion. In adolescence, an increase in penis length and erection, excessive growth, increase in body hair, and inequality in body muscle distribution can be seen. Excessive secretion of testosterone can bring serious complications such as arteriosclerosis, high bad cholesterol, and serious heart diseases.

Anabolic steroid use, ovarian cancer, congenital adrenal hyperplasia; are the most important reasons for the excess of testosterone. These reasons are also responsible for the excessive secretion of testosterone. Androgen resistance, which develops due to the use of anabolic steroids, can reduce the amount of sperm in men. It may cause shrinkage of testicles and breast enlargement in men. These drugs can also cause virilization in women.

Testosterone excess in women

The excess secretion of testosterone, which is called the male hormone, in women may have a serious cause such as polycystic ovary syndrome and ovarian failure. In this case, physical negativities such as oily skin and acne formation, deterioration in the menstrual cycle, hair loss, increase in body and genital area hair, increase in muscle mass, a deepening voice tone, infertility, as well as psychological changes such as stress and tension can be seen in women.

Breast size, clitoris enlargement, and swelling, changes in body shape are other symptoms. According to many recent scientific studies, excess testosterone in women is largely caused by the risk of uterine fibroids.


Testosterone excess treatment in women

Specialists in the treatment of excess testosterone often prescribe medications that help balance hormones. With the regular use of these drugs, the high amount of hormones in the blood can be reduced.

Testosterone hormone effects on sexual life

The ability of men to have healthy and peaceful sexuality depends on the production of a sufficient amount of testosterone by the testers. Otherwise, men who are faced with erectile dysfunction and sexual reluctance towards their partners may even lose their self-esteem over time. This can even cause men to be dissatisfied with their partners.

As a result, the failure to produce a sufficient amount of male hormone in men with treatment may lead to fights and conflicts in marriages, and ultimately resulting in divorce marriages. It is very important for all men who want to enjoy life to see a specialist urgently if they encounter the symptoms of testosterone deficiency so that they can continue their lives happily.

Testosterone deficiency symptoms

Symptoms can be addressed in 4 classes, including symptoms seen in childhood, early adolescence, adulthood, and old age.

Testosterone Deficiency symptoms in childhood and adolescence

  • Penis and testicles not reaching sufficient size,
  • Failures to reach puberty (poor muscle development, hairlessness)
  • The deepening of the voice is not as expected
  • Gynecomastia (breast development)

Testosterone Deficiency symptoms in adulthood and old age

  • Nervousness, stress, low energy, etc. mood changes
  • Sweating and hot flashes
  • Increase in body fat and weight gain
  • Thinning of the bones ( osteoporosis )
  • Difficulty getting an erection
  • Inability to concentrate and get tired quickly
  • Inability to get an erection
  • Decrease in muscle strength
  • Decreased libido (sexual desire)

Testosterone Test

Your doctor can use different tests to diagnose testosterone deficiency. It can check the testosterone levels in your blood with a simple blood test. If the values ​​in the blood test results are excessively high, your doctor, testicular cancer, adrenal gland disorder, etc. It may also ask you to take other tests to evaluate possibilities.

Testosterone deficiency treatment

The treatment of testosterone hormone deficiency varies with the root cause of the deficiency and age. Testosterone supplements are often prescribed to treat the deficiency. Testosterone replacement therapy and testosterone injections are other options used in the treatment of the disease. With these methods, both the problems caused by the disease are treated and the amount of testosterone in the blood is increased. However, treatment can also cause some side effects.

What is testosterone therapy (replacement therapy)?

It is a treatment aimed at eliminating the problems caused by low testosterone. Hemoglobin levels in the blood and bone strength can be increased with skin gels, some injections, ie needles, some tablets absorbed by the gums. However, replacement therapy does not improve memory, it is still unclear whether it will work in testosterone treatment due to advanced age.

However, it is effective in relieving the symptoms of testosterone deficiency caused by other factors. However, therapy has serious side effects such as causing an enlarged breast, increasing your risk of heart disease, causing sleep apnea, and increasing the risk of blood clots. That’s why you should talk to your doctor extensively before starting therapy, and you may not use this treatment if it’s not necessary!

Testosterone medication

Medications prescribed in the form of testosterone supplements aim to give the patient functional mobility, provide bone mineral density, strengthen patient cognition and improve body composition. As a result of many tests, it has been found that supplements cause a decrease in fat mass and an increase in lean mass. However, it is still debated whether supplements will work for everyone.

What is a testosterone injection, to whom?

If your testosterone supplement is insufficient, your doctor may decide to inject testosterone hormone into your blood with a testosterone injection. In cases where testosterone levels are much lower than normal, injection is usually preferred.

How to increase testosterone level?

  • In addition to treatment, you can increase the amount of testosterone in your body with a number of changes in your lifestyle and eating habits.
  • By consuming foods rich in zinc and magnesium, andusingkeratin and vitamin D supplements, you can significantly increase testosterone levels.
  • You can also overcome testosterone deficiency by getting enough sleep for at least 8 hours a night, by exercising and exercising regularly.
  • By avoiding the stress that significantly lowers the testosterone hormone level as much as possible and by ending your alcohol and smoking habits, you can avoid the serious effects of testosterone deficiency.

What to do to Increase Testosterone Naturally?

  • Include green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, and cauliflower, which help the testosterone hormone to be secreted more frequently, in your meals.
  • Limit sugar consumption.
  • Consume foods that increase testosterone such as shrimp, banana, eggs, lean red meat, garlic, and avocado.
  • Get rid of your excess weight as soon as possible.
  • Avoid consuming additives and unhealthy oils.
  • Take care to consume plenty of vegetables and fruits.

Testosterone-boosting foods and herbs

You can also balance the amount of testosterone in your body by consuming natural herbs. Or you can consume testosterones-boosting nutritional supplements. However, in both cases, you should consult a specialist doctor first.

  • Black grape: Thanks to the substance called resveratrol in its skin, the black grape increases the amount of testosterone and provides mobility in the sperm. Consuming just a handful of black grape skins increases sexual desire.
  • Honey: Honey, which accelerates blood flow, facilitates blood flow in the penis, and helps to solve the problem of erectile dysfunction. By consuming 4-5 teaspoons of honey every morning, you can spend the day more energetic.
  • Oyster: Known for its aphrodisiac effect, the oyster is also rich in magnesium and zinc. Thanks to the protein and amino acids it contains, it increases muscle mass.
  • Aspartic Acid: It is a type of amino acid and increases the amount of testosterone production.
  • Keratin: Keratin, one of the most used supplements, improves sexual performance and reduces sexual reluctance.
  • Diindolylmethane: The diindolylmethane compound formed in our body while consuming certain vegetables such as cauliflower raises and balances testosterones. The consumption of supplemental diindolylmethane can assist you in eliminating testosterone deficiency. See also: >>> 

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Resources and References:

1- Guidelines for Testosterone Replacement Therapy 2- Testosterones therapy 3- Is testosterone therapy safe? 4- Risks of testosterone replacement therapy in men 5- Low testosterone levels ‘linked to chronic diseases’

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