Emotional reactions to external dangers are called fear. Our phobias are a variety of fears we feel. Fear of a situation that negatively affects a person’s daily life is called phobia. Phobias are anxiety disorders that are common in humans. People with a phobia can also be called phobic.
Every living creature instinctively avoids situations that they perceive to be dangerous and threaten their existence and life. Here, human consciousness perceives this avoidance as fear. Fear is, in a way, a pre-warning mechanism. The inability of a person to avoid situations that he perceives as dangerous or threatening his life or to be emotionally relaxed means that fear is out of control. As a result of the person not being able to relax, fear and anxiety gradually increase and anxiety can be seen. This anxiety negatively affects the daily life of the person and is a mechanism that works outside of himself. When this happens, the fear that we define as our self-protection mechanism and the pre-warning mechanism of the person turns into a phobia. The person’s fears or phobias may not always be tied to an entity or situation.
Phobias are perceived as a personality trait or habit in society, not as a disease. For this reason, the number of people applying to health institutions for treatment is very low. Phobias are more common in women than in men.
Anxiety symptoms are generally observed when the person encounters an event, presence, or situation in which he/she experiences fear. Most of the symptoms seen in panic attacks can also be seen in phobia. In advanced phobic situations, cardiac arrest and even death can be seen.
Palpitations, facial flushing, itching and burning sensation on the face,
- Cold sweats,
- Blurred vision
- Shortness of breath,
- Dry mouth
- Difficulty swallowing,
- Loss of consciousness,
- Sudden blood pressure drop,
- Shock etc. symptoms may be seen.
Treatment of phobias
Since the phobia is not perceived as a disease, the desire to be treated is very rare, but there are treatment methods for phobias.phobic. treatments are usually done with both medication and psychotherapy. Since drug therapy is not sufficient on its own, these two treatment methods are usually applied at the same time. Antidepressant drugs are used for drug therapy. One of the methods frequently used in the treatment of phobia is to enable the person to face his / her fear. In this treatment method, the person is expected to see how he/she experiences the anxiety by going over the situations that cause him / her fear or become a phobia, and how he/she can cope with this anxiety.
Interesting Phobias Seen Today
- Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia: The longest phobic.word; Contrary to the length of the word, it means fear of long words.
- Anatidaephobia: The person with this phobic.may be afraid of thinking they are being watched by a duck. This phobia is mostly found in people who were attacked or chased by a duck during childhood.
- Gelotophobia: When a person is afraid of laughing or being ridiculed. People with this phobia generally think that any laughter in their environment is about them. Most people do not like to laugh or be ridiculed, but people with this phobia seem to internalize this situation and feel too afraid of it.
- Agoraphobia: Fear of crossing a street. People with this phobia experience great fear, especially at pedestrian crossings.
- Panphobia: It is the state of believing in an evil that is always present and fear of everything as a result. This situation is not mentioned as a phobia in the medical literature.
- Ranidaphobia: Fear of frogs.
- Xanthophobia: Some colors may involuntarily make people uneasy and this is a state of uneasiness towards the color yellow. This phobia can cause psychological or even hormonal discomfort.
- Obesophobia: This phobia is defined as people too afraid of getting fat.
- Pogonophobia: Fear of beards or bearded people. This phobia may indicate something bad about bearded people that people experienced in childhood.
- Haltophobia: This phobia, which is common in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, is defined as bad breath phobia.
- Globophobia : The fear of balloons, especially the bursting of balloons. These people experience great anxiety when they enter an environment with balloons.
- Gametophobia: People’s fear of getting married. People with this phobia are usually those who do not like to be focused in an environment and have difficulties in their social lives.
- Gynophobia: It is the fear of women, which is frequently seen in people who have bad memories about a mother, sister, teacher or any woman who has a great influence on the person during childhood and who are abused by these people.
- Sexophobia: Fear of sexual activities or sexual organs. Bad memories experienced in the past, family education, or religious and social pressures trigger this phobia in the person.
- Arithmophobia: Fear of numbers, which is common in people who have bad memories of math during childhood or adolescence.
- Nomophobia: It is a common phobia known as the fear of not having a phone. People with this phobia may feel anxious and nervous when they go out without their phones and fear this situation.
- Triskaidekaphobia: This phobia, which is common especially in Western countries, means fear of the number 13. The number 13 is considered to be ominous in Western culture, but this idea is not common in our culture.
- Tafophobia: Fear of graves and fear of being buried alive. People with this phobia fear being thought to be dead and therefore being buried.
- Technophobia: Fear of advanced technology. The great innovations in technology and the development of artificial intelligence in recent days cause an increase in the level of anxiety and tension of people with this phobia. The advancement and deterioration of artificial intelligence are one of the biggest fears of these people.
- Venusraphobia: This phobia is known as the fear of beautiful women. This phobia can be caused by insecurity. People with this phobia may even find it difficult to look into the eyes of the woman they find beautiful.
- Tetraphobia: This phobia, especially seen in East Asian countries, means fear of the number four. This phobia is so common in East Asian countries that some elevators do not have the number four.
- Roller Coaster Phobia: It is a phobia originating from height, felt pressure, and high speed. People with this phobia feel insecure and helpless when they ride the roller coaster.
- Androphobia: It is a phobia defined as the fear of men that can occur as a result of maltreatment of children or young people from important male figures such as fathers, brothers, or teachers, or bad memories they have with these people.
- Chronophobia: Fear of the concept of time or the passage of time.
- Koumpounophobia: This phobia, which causes people to have great difficulties in dressing, means fear of the buttons of the clothes.
- Kimophobia: People’s fear of the waves regardless of whether they are small or large.
- Apiphobia: This phobia, which is common in humans, is the fear of bees. The stung of himself or a person in his close vicinity by a bee during childhood can trigger this phobia in the person.
- Asymmetryophobia: This common phobia is the fear of non-symmetrical objects.
- Athelophobia: It is the fear of not being perfect.
- Arachibutyrophobia: It is one of the most interesting phobias seen. It is the fear of peanut butter sticking to the palate while eating peanut butter.
- Maniaphobia: It is the fear of going insane as a result of the presence of people who have had psychological problems or continue to live in the close vicinity of the person.
- Paraskavedekatriaphobia: It means to be afraid of the days that fall on the 13th of the month and Friday.
- Peladophobia: It is the fear of bald people or fear of becoming bald as a result of the affection of young children by bald people.
- Photophobia: These people are afraid of acquiring new fears and therefore avoid acquiring new information that will frighten them.
- Pentheraphobia: Married people’s fear of having too much influence on their mother-in-law’s lives.
- Politicophobia: It is a state of fear of politicians.
- Tokophobia: Fear of high speed.
- Transphobia: This phobia, which is generally seen in homophobic people, is the fear of transsexual individuals.
- Trypanophobia: This phobia, which is common especially in children, is the fear of needles or vaccines.
- Gefirophobia: It means being afraid of bridges, and people with this phobia are afraid to cross bridges.
- Heliophobia: Fear of the sun, sunlight, or bright lights. This phobia can cause many problems in daily life.
- Hypnophobia: This phobia, which is generally seen in people who lead an unstable life or have frequent nightmares, is the fear of sleep.
- Philemaphobia: The tension of kissing or kissing someone.
- Eisoptrophobia: It is defined as the fear of seeing oneself or someone else’s reflection in the mirror.
- Ablutophobia: Fear of bathing, usually seen in young children.
- Pediophobia: It is the fear of dolls. It can be seen that people with this phobia are also afraid of robots or mannequins.
- Claustrophobia: This fear, which is frequently encountered today, is the fear of being in closed and flattened places.
- Haptophobia: Fear of the feeling of touch. Touching causes a burning sensation in these people.
- Xylophobia: It is the fear of many objects in the forests, even wood.
- Cherophobia: The person avoids being happy or even showing positive behavior or feeling positive emotions.
- Trypanophobia: This phobia can be counted among the phobias that are frequently seen today. It means fear of holes or being disturbed by objects with holes.
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