What is a skin crack?Skin crack is a classic symptom of dry skin, but it can also occur in response to scratches or other trauma or infections. When the skin dries, it can become rough and flaky, with small tears called cracks that can lead to deeper cracks that can extend into the deeper layers of the skin.
Skin cracks are a common problem that affects women, and many different treatment methods have been developed to eliminate the deterioration of the appearance.
What is a skin crack?
Commonly known as stretch marks, striae occur when the skin dermis layer is subjected to extreme stress. The skin becomes thinner, weak and torn. The problematic part is easily separated from healthy skin. While the newly formed cracks create a purplish color darker than the skin color; It gets lighter and pale pearl color over time. The color of the cracks varies according to the person’s structure. Since skin cracks are frequently encountered during pregnancy in women, it is also called pregnancy crack. Although it does not disrupt the integrity of the skin, it is a very curious situation because its treatment disrupts the aesthetic appearance.
What are the causes of cracks?
The skin consists of layers of epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis from top to bottom. Elastin and collagen fibers in the dermis are the structures responsible for the healthy appearance and elasticity of the skin. When these fibers are broken and the bonds between them weaken, a visible and non-aesthetic deterioration occurs on the skin. The most important factor that causes this is pregnancy status in women. During pregnancy, the skin is exposed to a lot of stress. Especially in the last months, cracks may occur in the abdomen, legs, and chest due to both weight and edema and tension in the abdominal area. Apart from this, the conditions causing crack formation have not been determined with certainty.
Cracks occur in certain parts of the body in cases such as excessive weight gain, development of muscle structure during adolescence, bodybuilding. Another cause of cracking is hormones. Skin cracks can be seen in the person as a result of hormonal change. Skin cracking has been associated with weight. According to researches, the possibility of seeing cracks in people with obesity problems increases by up to 40%. It is known that some diseases and drugs used cause cracks. Especially in patients using systemic cortisone, elastin, and collagen fibers are destroyed.
As a result, cracks may be seen in some areas. It is also found in diseases such as Cushing’s syndrome, in which cortisol levels are altered. In some infectious diseases, cracks are seen as a result of tissue damage. Sometimes skin cracks can occur for no apparent reason. This condition is called idiopathic crack.
What are the symptoms of a crack?
The color, appearance, and location of new cracks in the body vary. Even if it occurs anatomically in all regions, it is generally seen on the breasts, abdomen, hips and legs, inner arm, and back. Hormones are known to be effective in cracking. For this reason, the incidence of cracks in different regions is increasing in women and men. While most women have cracks in the chest area after the hip and leg area; Stretches are seen in the arms, waist, and hips in men. The time of emergence usually coincides with puberty. The cracks that occur during pregnancy are called stria gravidarum and especially dense cracks are seen in the abdomen. Stretch marks do not give any symptoms other than their appearance. However, in some dense and large cracks, itching wounds,s, etc. It may occur.
What are the crack types and stages?
There are two types of skin cracks. When it first occurs, it is observed as a more red-purple color than the skin color. This type is called stria Rubra. As time passes, its color becomes pale and takes the name stria alba. When the cracks first occur, some changes occur in the surrounding tissues. In the first stage, it was determined that the superficial vein and lymph cells increased in this area. In later stages, a decrease in collagen fibers is observed and the epidermis becomes thinner.
Clinically, striae are defined in 4 stages. Stage I refers to the newly formed skin crack. In stage II, the color of the crack turned white. No collapsing or opening around the cracks. However, in the advanced stage of Stage II, depression is seen on palpation. In stage III, there is an opening in the lines and lines can be seen on the skin. Stage IV has a pronounced crack appearance.
It is important to know the clinical stages in the treatment of skin cracks because the severity and type of treatment is usually determined by the stage of the stretch marks.
How about skin crack treatment?
The most important thing to know about stretch marks is that it does not cause a clinical problem. With the belief that the body is aesthetically impaired as a result of this frequently encountered situation in women, treatment options have been diversified over the years. However, the stage at which crack treatment will begin affects the outcome of the treatment. The sooner it is caught, the more successful the treatment will be. Still need to know; Regardless of the type of application, cracks cannot be completely removed, but most can be removed cosmetically.
First of all, the risk factors of the person should be determined in the treatment. Information should be given about the cracks that may occur in the body in a period when very rapid weight change will occur. Being aware of the risks beforehand helps to get more effective results in combating the appearance of cracks. The main purpose in the treatment of cracks is to prevent the reduction of collagen fibers and to encourage the production of these fibers, to reduce the superficial vascular appearance seen in the surrounding tissues in clinical stages, and to restore the elastic properties of the skin. It minimizes the problem of pigmentation in order to minimize the formation of cracks by providing the normal moisture balance of the skin.
Today, a wide variety of treatment protocols are used to achieve these goals. These methods are chosen according to the person and applied under his / her supervision. It is common for some specific ingredients to be applied topically with massage. Among these components, vitamin A derivatives, centella asiatica plant extract, hyaluronic acid, vegetable oils (olive, almond, cocoa), glycolic acid are widely used in topical application. However, it has been stated that the massage applied while applying this content to the skin is more effective than its content in topical treatment.
Since some substances are not suitable for pregnant women in topical application, it is necessary to consult a doctor while applying them. However, it has been stated that the massage applied while applying this content to the skin is more effective than its content in topical treatment. Since some substances are not suitable for pregnant women in topical application, it is necessary to consult a doctor while applying them. However, it has been stated that the topical treatment is more effective than the content of the massage applied while applying this content to the skin. Since some substances are not suitable for pregnant women in topical application, it is necessary to consult a doctor while applying them.
Apart from these, chemical peeling and combined microdermabrasion treatment can be applied. This treatment is the process of peeling the skin by spraying a special content on the skin. When this treatment is supported with chemical peels, its effect increases.
Another treatment method is the radiofrequency application on the crack. In the classical method, microneedles are used. It can also be applied with other combined systems. Apart from this, laser and light therapy are among the frequently preferred methods in the treatment of cracks. Laser application is preferred especially to reduce the vascular appearance and increase the pigment density. There are two different laser treatments. Skin integrity is somewhat impaired in the type known as ablative laser. The water in the tissues is targeted by increasing the wavelength.
This water is converted into heat in a controlled manner and used to trigger restructuring. In another type of non-ablative laser application, it works at different wavelengths and gives a chance to treat certain problems. Apart from the laser, phototherapy treatment is also used in crack treatment. Today, besides these, special methods called carboxytherapy and PRP are also used. PRP is often used not only in the treatment of cracks, but also in the treatment of acne scars on the skin. It means that the plasma containing intense growth factors obtained from the person’s own blood is injected back into the orphaned area of the person.
In addition to professional treatments, devices that try to trigger skin regeneration with a device with needles of different sizes on a rotating wipe called rol are on the agenda. However, these devices should be used under expert control, otherwise, they may cause unwanted skin reactions.
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