What is a trigger finger? Trigger finger symptoms and treatment

Trigger finger, which occurs with symptoms such as sudden locking, stiffness, and pain of the fingers, is a disease that negatively affects the quality of life. Trigger finger problem, which generally occurs in the little finger, ring finger, and thumb, is common, especially in the right-hand fingers.

What is a trigger finger?

Trigger finger, also known as Tenosynovitis Stenosing, is the condition of the fingers or thumb contracting or locking during movement (especially bending). It is very difficult to restore the locked finger and causes a lot of pain in the patient.

Trigger finger causes?

Tendons are bands of hard tissue that connect muscles and bones with your finger or thumb. Tendons allow muscles in the hands and arms, fingers and thumbs, and many more to bend and straighten. A tendon usually slides off easily through the tissue covering it (also called a sheath), thanks to the synovium, a lubricating membrane that surrounds joints. Prolonged irritation of the tendon sheath can cause scarring and thickening that affects the movement of the tendon. When this happens, bending your finger or thumb pulls on the inflamed tendon. Trigger fingers can also occur when tendons become inflamed. This causes compression and swelling. It is usually caused by a repetitive movement or the regular use of forceful fingers. So in short,

Risk factors

Factors that placed you vulnerable to growing cause finger include:

  • Repeated gripping. Occupations and pastimes that contain repetitive hand use and extended gripping may also growth your chance of cause finger.
  • Certain fitness problems. People who’ve diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis are at better chance of growing a cause finger.
  • Your sex. Trigger finger is extra not unusualplace in women.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome surgical operation. Trigger finger can be a problem related to surgical operation for carpal tunnel syndrome surgical operation, specially at some stage in the primary six months after surgical operation.

Other health conditions

You will also be much more likely to broaden cause finger when you have any of the subsequent conditions:

  • Diabetes – a lifelong situation that reasons a person’s blood sugar stage to grow to be too high
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – a long-time period situation as a result of a trouble together along with your immune system (the frame’s herbal defence system), ensuing in ache and stiffness on your joints
  • Gout – a kind of arthritis wherein crystals of sodium urate shape interior and round joints inflicting them to grow to be inflamed (swollen)
  • Amyloidosis – a situation wherein an ordinary protein referred to as amyloid builds up in organs, along with your liver
  • Underactive thyroid – wherein your frame does now no longer produce sufficient of positive hormones
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome – a situation that influences the nerves on your wrist, inflicting ache and tingling
    Dupuytren’s contracture – a situation that reasons 1 or extra palms to bend into the palm of your hand
    De Quervain’s disease – a situation that influences the tendons on your thumb, inflicting ache on your wrist
What is a trigger finger? Trigger finger symptoms and treatment

What are the trigger finger symptoms?

Trigger fingers can affect any finger, including all fingers. More than one finger can be affected at a time and can happen on both hands. The symptoms of trigger fingers are the same in many people. These:

  • Stiff fingers when waking up in the morning
  • Throwing sound of “click” when moving fingers
  • The finger or fingers are locked in a straight or bent position, making movement difficult
  • Palm tenderness, lump (nodule) sensation in the affected finger or fingers

How is the trigger finger diagnosed?

Imaging methods are not used in the diagnosis of trigger finger disease. The diagnosis is made by patient history and physical examination. The specialist doctor can diagnose trigger fingers by detecting palpable nodules and fingers stuck during physical examination.

When to look a doctor

Seek instant hospital therapy in case your finger joint is warm and inflamed, as those symptoms and symptoms may also imply an infection.

If you’ve got any stiffness, catching, numbness, or ache in a finger joint, or in case you can not straighten or bend a finger, make an appointment together along with your doctor.

Who is the most common trigger finger?

Trigger finger usually occurs between the ages of 40-60. The frequency of trigger fingers in women is higher than in men. Diseases such as diabetes, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis can cause trigger fingers. It is more common among people working in occupational groups that repeat finger and thumb movements, such as farmers, industrial workers, musicians.

How is trigger finger treated?

Trigger finger therapy is divided into two as with and without surgery. The main purpose of both treatments is to reduce the swelling and give the fingers the old grasping motion. The first preferred method is of course the non-surgical one, but if the methods do not work, trigger finger surgery may be required for the patient to use his finger in a functional way.

Our Recommendation is if you have this problem best decision is to go to your nearest physiotherapy and rehabilitation center, do not go with surgery.

In a few people, the cause finger can also additionally get higher without remedy.

However, if it isn’t always treated, there may be a danger the affected finger or thumb may want to come to be completely bent, so one can make appearing ordinary responsibilities difficult.

If the remedy is necessary, numerous alternatives are available, including:

  • Rest – fending off sure activities
    medication – taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can also additionally assist relieve pain
  • Splinting – wherein the affected finger is strapped to a plastic splint to lessen movement
  • Steroid injections – steroids are drug treatments which could lessen swelling
  • Surgical treatment at the affected hand – surgical treatment can assist permit the affected tendon to transport freely again

Surgery is generally best used while different remedies have failed. It may be as much as 100 effective, even though you can want to take 2 to four weeks off paintings to completely recover.

Trigger finger in children

Trigger finger is typically much less not unusual place in youngsters than in adults, however, every now and then younger youngsters elderly between 6 months and three years expand it. It can have an effect on the kid’s cap potential to straighten their thumb, however, it is hardly ever painful and generally receives higher without remedy.

How is non-surgical trigger finger treatment applied?

The non-surgical method is generally used for people with a mild course of trigger finger. The use of splints or medication may benefit patients. Since the trigger finger is usually formed as a result of compulsive movements, avoiding coercive movements whenever possible is the most critical point of non-surgical treatment. Finger exercises can only be effective in mild trigger finger patients.

What are trigger finger surgeries?

There are 2 types of surgery options preferred by surgeons in the treatment of trigger fingers. These are open surgery and percutaneous release surgery. Both operations take an average of 20 minutes and the person does not need to spend the night after the operation in the hospital.

  • Open Surgery : In the treatment of the trigger finger with open surgery, a small incision is made in the palm. Afterwards, the tendon sheath is cut, leaving more room for the tendon to move. Then, stitches the incision to close the wound. Generally, while this method is applied, the patient is given local anesthesia. This method is more preferred by surgeons.
  • Percutaneous Release Surgery: This surgery is performed under local anesthesia like open surgery. The surgeon enters under the skin without making any incision with the help of a very sharp needle to cut the tendon sheath. This type of surgery does not leave any scars. It is not as preferred as open surgery, because the risk of damage to unwanted tendons is higher.

What should be considered before trigger finger surgery?

The most important point you should pay attention to before the operation is to discuss your physical and psychological problems with your doctor in detail and to have information about what you will do before and after the operation.

  • Three weeks before the operation date, the use of blood thinners and all kinds of drugs and vitamins should be stopped.
  • The use of multivitamin and nutritional support pills containing components such as vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, Ginseng, Gingko Biloba, Co-Enzyme Q10 should be discontinued a while before the surgery.
  • Smoking and alcohol use should be minimized as much as possible.

What should be considered after trigger finger surgery?

  • Normally, there is no scar left after closed surgery (percutaneous release surgery). There are small dressings at the hole locations. These dressings should be renewed at the intervals recommended by the doctor.
  • Sometimes, due to the volume of the fluid, the trigger may increase for a while after the injection and there may be drowsiness. These complaints can be reduced by applying ice to the injection area and NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory drugs).
  • Immediately after surgery, patients can return to their daily life in a short time. They do not need to spend the night in the hospital.
  • Exercises are started as early as possible to prevent postoperative adhesions.
  • The wound healing takes about 15 days. Stitches are removed after two weeks.
  • You can start sports after two weeks, but it is recommended not to strain the fingers.
    The swelling that occurs after the surgery usually disappears within two weeks.
  • After the operation, there may be a tingling that only lasts for a week or two. These complaints can be reduced with ice application and NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory drugs).
  • After the stitches are removed, lymph drainage or physical therapy may be beneficial for patients to accelerate the movement.
  • In some patients, stiffness may occur in the wound area due to excessive healing tissue. This usually regresses with home massages over time.

In the postoperative period, the symptoms disappear completely in a short time and no recurrence occurs after a successful surgical operation.

What are the ways to prevent trigger finger disease?

Trigger finger disease is a very common disease and there are many conditions that cause this disease. It may be possible to protect the trigger finger by observing the conditions that cause the disease. To protect from the trigger finger;

  • Smartphone should not be used for more than 3 hours a day.
  • Hands and fingers should be rested during the day.
  • Excessive and rapid keyboard use should be avoided.
  • When pain is felt, it should be intervened early and ice should be added.
  • The most risky finger in terms of trigger finger is the thumb. Whenever possible, one should try to use the smartphone with both hands and not overburden the thumbs.
  • Trigger finger

What are trigger finger exercises?

Trigger finger exercises can provide relief for people with trigger fingers after surgery or mild course. The most known of these exercises is the punching exercise. Put your hand in a fist and then open all your fingers until they are as open as possible. When doing this, it is recommended to do it slowly, if you do it fast, your fingers may get tired, and swelling in the fingers may increase. Another exercise is structured with rubber balls. For this exercise, find a rubber ball that fits in your palm and squeeze it for 10 seconds. Determine which of the trigger finger exercises and how often you will apply with the approval of your doctor or physical therapist.

Physiotherapy treatment

✔ If You Want Best Treatment for Trigger finger go to Nearest Physiotherapy Center

Page content is for informational purposes only. Items containing information about therapeutic health service are not included in the content of the page. Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.


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