“Chiropractic” is a Greek word; It consists of the words chiro (hand) and practic (practice). That means manual treatment.
Since the basis of this manual treatment is the manipulation of the spine, it is also known as “manipulation” or “manipulation therapy of the spine” in most places. It is a scientific and more complicated form of treatment known as “pulling” among the people.
The main purpose of chiropractic treatment, that is, manipulation of the spine is to eliminate the malalignment of the spine and to regulate the functions of the body.
What is Chiropractic?
The chiropractic treatment method, which was first discovered by Doctor David Daniel Palmer in 1895, is used for manual treatment methods. When the question of what is chiropractic is first heard by many people, it is a treatment method that is curious. Basically, “Chiropraxia” as a Greek word means manual application. With this method of treatment, it is aimed to protect body health naturally and to increase its resistance. Chiropractic treatment has been used in both acute and chronic mechanically induced spinal diseases since its first emergence. Accordingly, it is the first method of choice in the treatment of all diseases except spinal cord tumor and infection and fractures. In other words, they are manual medical interventions to diagnose, treat, and reduce the effects of mechanical dysfunction of the spine on the nervous system. The area to be treated is determined on the spine and the relevant joint is activated using the hands. Thus, the existing pressure on the pinched nerves is removed.
How Is Chiropractic Treatment Done?
Chiropractic treatment is a scientific treatment method that is valid all over the world. This method, which is also accepted by the World Health Organization, is preferred by the American Doctors Association as the first option in the treatment of back and neck pain. The main purpose of treatment is to correct the defect in the spine alignment. Thus, healthy communication between the brain, nervous system, and organs will be provided. Before starting chiropractic treatment, the patient is evaluated in all aspects. The sources that cause the discomfort and the problem are determined. If necessary, examinations such as MRI and X-ray may be requested. Techniques mainly practiced by the chiropractor are: Chiropractic Manipulation: It is the reduction of the joints (restoring the normal axis) without going beyond the physiological range of motion and without exceeding anatomical limits. This procedure straightens the joint completely safely. Unlike classical manipulation, it is a permanent technique in which only the damaged joint is corrected. Chiropractic Subluxation: Subluxation plays an important role in chiropractic treatment. Therefore, it corresponds to the displacement of only two dorsal vertebrae. The following methods are preferred for frequent adjustments:
- Toggle Drop: It is the situation where the expert who uses the cross hands tightly presses on a specific area of the spine. Then, with a precise and quick push, the expert adjusts the spine. Used for mobility in vertebral joints.
- Lumbar Roller: The specialist positions the patient on his side and quickly and gently presses the misaligned vertebrae, then returns them to the appropriate position.
- Motion Palpation: This procedure is used to determine if the vertebrae are not free to move in their normal plane of motion.
- Table Adjustments: The patient is placed on a special table called the drop piece. The specialist applies rapid pressure simultaneously with the table movement.
- Release Work: With this method, light pressure is applied using the fingertips to separate the vertebrae.
- Instrument Settings: It is one of the gentle methods generally preferred to adjust the spine. A wire-loaded activator tool is used for adjustment.
How Does Chiropractic Treatment Work?
Our spinal cord, which is the continuation of our brain, is located behind our spine. The spinal cord provides communication between the nerves that go to our entire body and the brain. Some disorders in the structure or placement of the spine also affect the spinal cord. Over time, the natural structure of the spine deteriorates due to various reasons (such as trauma, stress, posture disorder, hernia). In such a situation, some problems can be seen in the communication between the brain and the body. These often manifest as pain or dysfunction (constipation, excessive sweating, insomnia, etc.).
By correcting the treatable malalignment of the spine with chiropractic, that is, manual manipulation of the spine, existing dysfunctions, or pains improve.
The main purpose of the application; Correction of the malalignment is to ensure healthy communication between the brain, nervous system, and organs.
Chiropractic treatment is a “scientific” treatment method accepted by the World Health Organization. In addition, the American Medical Association recommends chiropractic therapy as the first-line treatment for back and neck pain.
How Many Sessions Is Required?
Depending on the condition of the patient and the disease, 2 sessions per week, once a week, once every two weeks, or once a month. An average of 6-8 sessions is planned. Combining physical therapy and exercise increases the effectiveness of the treatment and reduces the duration of the treatment.
In Which Diseases Can Chiropractic Be Applied?
- In the waist and neck hernias
- Waist, neck, and back pain due to posture disorder
- Common muscle aches due to stress
- Myofascial pain syndromes
- Sports injuries
Are Mass and Chiropractic the Same Thing?
Unfortunately, in our country, due to the lack of knowledge and supervision in this field, in addition to reducing the scientific value of the treatment by adding some names such as mass treatment, some people who do not have sufficient knowledge and authorization apply it to patients who seek remedy for their problems by saying ” I am the expert of this job “. These people were widely advertised, especially on social media, by using the sound of the gas coming out of the joints as a result of the sudden manipulation of the spine during the treatment as an indicator of the success or effectiveness of the treatment .They try to convince the patients that the procedure is successful with statements such as ”. Patients who are temporarily relieved as a result of gas in the joint believe that they receive effective treatment. However, the complaints of the patient return after the gas are filled again after a while. In particular, patients should not have this treatment applied to them without careful and thorough research on these issues.
It is a highly effective scientific treatment method that has no side effects when applied by experts in chiropractic treatment. However, whether the person is suitable for chiropractic treatment should definitely be decided after being evaluated by a physician.
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What Is The Treatment Process?
Treatment depends on the disease. Generally, 6-8 sessions are applied in 1 or 2 sessions per week. It is beneficial for healthy individuals to have chiropractic treatment at least every 3 months to stay healthy.
In Which Diseases Is Chiropractic Treatment Applied?
It can be applied in the neck, back and waist region, mechanical problems that may be reflected on the arms and legs, defined structure and mechanical problems of the spine, movement disorders, joint and muscle problems, hernias that have not reached the size of surgery that may enter this area, and early-stage canal stenosis.
Also, chiropractic treatment is preventive health. There are causes and consequences in discomfort. Modern medicine deals with results, that is, it deals with symptoms and tries to correct them.
Departments dealing with preventive health, such as chiropractic, aim to eliminate causes, not consequences. Rather than the symptoms, it tends towards correcting the main cause of this symptom, where it comes from.
How to Decide if a Patient is Eligible for Chiropractic Treatment?
The most important part of the treatment is the examination part. As a result of the examination, if the patient has only pain, the correct diagnosis is made and the application is started.
In the examination of the patient, if there is a progressive loss of strength and reflex, the patient is referred to the relevant doctor, chiropractic is not applied.
What are the Issues to be Considered After Treatment?
After chiropractic treatment, the patient is recommended to avoid strenuous work. It is recommended to rest and practice the given exercises as much as possible, depending on the patient’s condition.
In addition, after the treatment, the patient is asked to organize his / her daily life.
It is recommended to avoid movements that will disrupt the alignment of the spine, such as wrong sitting positions, wrong posture, and wrong lying.
Is Chiropractic Treatment Scientific?
Chiropractic treatment is a “scientific” treatment method accepted by the World Health Organization.
How Are The Applications In The World?
The American Medical Association recommends chiropractic therapy as the first choice for back and neck pain. It is the largest alternative application area in primary health care services in the USA.
Are There Any Side Effects of Chiropractic Treatment?
It does not have any proven, evidentiary side effects.
When Should Chiropractic Treatment Not Be Applied?
Acute fracture, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, all kinds of bone diseases, neoplastic diseases of muscle and soft tissues, Cauda equina syndrome.
Who is Eligible to Apply for Chiropractic Treatment?
In our country, chiropractic is only given as graduate education and this training is available to medical doctors and physiotherapists who have completed 4-year undergraduate education. Chiropractors with this training are qualified to practice chiropractic treatment.
Is Chiropractic Safe?
It is safe as long as it is done by trained people. Thanks to its reliability and success rate, it is the most popular natural health method in the USA and Canada.
Is Chiropractic a Painful Application?
Chiropractic is not a painful practice. Most of the patients state that they are relieved after the session.
What Changes Are Expected In The Spine After The Application?
Sequence disorders in the spine affect the correct functioning of the nervous system and cause mechanical problems in the body. Chiropractic treatment treats most of the mechanical problems by correcting the malalignment of the spine.
Chiropractic techniques include joints and soft tissue manipulations. It provides a fast and effective solution as it is applied directly to the problematic area. Even in a single session, most of the pain is relieved and the patient does not feel any pain during or after the application and feels relief immediately after the treatment.
Which Doctor / Department to Go for Chiropractic Treatment?
It is necessary to apply to the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation department for chiropractic treatment.