Dermatology, also known as dermatology, is the branch of medicine that deals with skin problems. The dermatology department is divided into various subgroups according to specific areas. Medical dermatology; deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases such as psoriasis, acne, rosacea (rose disease). surgical dermatology; He specializes in minor and major surgical procedures, from skin biopsy to mole removal, from skin cancer surgery to remove cysts on the skin. Sub-branches of dermatology such as venerology, pediatric dermatology, dermatopathology, photo dermatology are also specialized for different skin problems. Cosmetic dermatology, another area of dermatology, deals with problems related to the appearance of the skin. Problems such as wrinkles, hair loss, skin blemishes, and the processes that provide the solution to these problems; fall within the field of cosmetic dermatology.
What is Cosmetic Dermatology?
A healthy, glowing skin appearance is something that almost everyone dreams of. Cosmetic dermatology; It is the skin area that applies procedures to make the skin look healthier and younger. In the cosmetic dermatology department, which is becoming more and more known today, the points where people are unhappy about their skin are tried to be improved. Procedures applied in cosmetic dermatology are generally not as heavy as surgery. Procedures in this area of dermatology are usually simpler and less risky.
Conditions within the scope of cosmetic dermatology can be listed as follows:
- Equalization of skin tone,
- removal of wrinkles,
- Removal of facial and body hair,
- Reduction of subcutaneous adipose tissue,
- skin rejuvenation,
- Deletion of tattoos,
- cellulite treatment,
- Improvement of acne and acne scars.
What are the Procedures Applied in Cosmetic Dermatology?
Aiming to improve the appearance of the skin, cosmetic dermatology applies different procedures for this purpose. Some of the practices performed by cosmetic dermatologists are as follows:
Botulinum toxin injection is a procedure that reduces wrinkles on the skin. Botulinum toxin is a substance produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. This toxin stops the release of a substance called acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, which is responsible for muscle contraction. Since wrinkles are formed as a result of repetitive contraction of the muscles, botox injection temporarily relaxes the muscles and reduces the appearance of wrinkles. Since Botox loses its effect over time, the injection process must be repeated at regular intervals.
Fillers are one of the procedures performed to make the skin look younger. Fillers; It can be applied to hollows or pits on the skin, lines, and wrinkles. The effect of the fillers on the skin is immediately visible. Different materials can be used for fillings. The substances used in this process can be listed as follows:
- Hyaluronic acid fillers,
- Synthetic wrinkle fillers,
- Collagen wrinkle fillers,
- Autologous wrinkle fillers obtained from the patient’s own blood or fat.
The subject of which substance will be more suitable for which region should be consulted with the doctor. Skin fillers can be used for more defined facial lines as well as gaining a younger appearance. The most common procedures performed for this purpose are lip augmentation, chin augmentation, and cheek augmentation.
Exfoliation means removing dead skin from the skin. The accumulation of dead skin on the skin can cause many problems. The exfoliation process is very effective for skin regeneration. Different methods can be used to exfoliate the skin:
- Physical Exfoliation: It is the process that provides getting rid of dead skin by applying abrasive substances to the skin surface.
- Microdermabrasion: It is the procedure in which substances containing tiny crystal structures are sprayed onto the skin surface in the form of a spray. With microdermabrasion, the crystals penetrate up to the mid surface of the skin, thereby effectively removing the dead layer on the upper surface of the skin.
- Chemical Peeling: It is the process of exfoliation by applying acidic chemicals to the skin.
- Laser Therapy: This process, using light energy, stimulates the production of collagen in the skin while exfoliating.
INTENSE PULSED LIGHT (IPL) THERAPY
IPL therapy, applied with filtered light rays of different wavelengths, is a procedure that stimulates collagen production in the skin. IPL therapy is an effective method for the correction of many skin problems:
- Age spots,
- Cracked blood vessels on the face,
- Rose disease (rosacea),
- Sun spots,
- Unwanted hair on the face, neck, back, armpits, legs and genitals.
IPL treatment is a similar method to the laser. The main difference between the two treatments is that laser uses a single wavelength of light whereas IPL therapy uses light beams of different wavelengths. Since the rays in IPL therapy are focused more lightly than the laser, IPL causes less damage to the skin.
LASER HAIR REMOVAL
Laser hair removal is an increasingly preferred procedure in society. In this process, concentrated laser beams are sent to the hair follicles and hair growth is delayed and stopped. Repetitive sessions are needed for laser epilation to give effective results. The number of sessions to achieve permanent results depends on the hair structure and hormonal status of the person. In laser epilation, the first sessions are usually held at closer intervals, while the time between sessions becomes longer as the process progresses. In laser epilation, devices with different features can be used according to the hair structure and color.
Cosmetic dermatologists can perform laser tattoo removal. Side effects such as scar formation, changes in skin texture, burns, or other wounds that may occur as a result of tattoo removal are less common after procedures performed by cosmetic dermatologists. How many sessions of tattoo removal will take depends on factors such as the color of the tattoo, how deeply it penetrates the skin, and how long it has been on the skin. Tattoo removal can be applied to many people without any problems. However, people with health problems that weaken the immune system, pregnant and breastfeeding women may not be suitable candidates for tattoo removal.
NON INVASIVE FAT REMOVAL
People are born with a certain number of fat cells. These fat cells grow and swell when weight is gained, and shrink when weight is lost, but the number of cells does not change. The non-invasive fat removal process is done by killing fat cells using cold, heat, ultrasound waves, or various injections. Thus, the number of fat cells in the body and thus the amount of fat is reduced. For people who cannot get rid of unwanted fat despite diet and exercise, non-invasive fat removal may be a reasonable option.
In some people, spider veins may occur on the legs due to behaviors such as sitting for a long time, genetic factors, and some other reasons. The appearance of spider veins can be uncomfortable for the person. In this case, sclerotherapy is an effective method of treatment. In sclerotherapy, a concentrated saline solution is injected into the spider vein. As a result of this injection, the vein becomes smaller and disappears. Sclerotherapy is very effective especially in the treatment of small and superficial spider veins.
Micro-needling; It is a method used to improve skin problems such as age spots, wrinkles, lines, inequality in skin texture, cracks. In this procedure, small needles are inserted into the skin. The damage to the skin caused by the immersion process activates the pathways that provide regeneration of the skin by stimulating various mechanisms. This process, which uses the body’s self-renewal mechanism in its basic logic, also increases the production of collagen and elastin in the skin.
The skin is the body’s largest organ. Therefore, people who neglect their skin health endanger their general health. The appearance of the skin is also one of the biggest factors affecting a person’s quality of life. In the presence of a problem related to the skin, which is so important in terms of both health and aesthetics, the problem should not be ignored, and a dermatologist should be consulted. We wish you healthy days.
The page content is for informational purposes only. The content of the page does not include items containing information on therapeutic health care. Consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
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- American Academy of Dermatology Association: “Non-invasive fat removal: What can you expect?”
- American Academy of Dermatology Association: “Tattoo Removal.”
- American Academy of Dermatology: “What is a dermatologist?”
- American Board of Physician Specialties: “Dermatology Requirements.”
- American Medical Association: “Dermatology Specialty Description.”
- American Cosmetic Association: “Cosmetic Procedures: Injections, Fillers, Lasers, and Peels.”
- Mayo Clinic: “Laser Hair Removal.”
- The Aesthetic Society: “Statistics.”