What is electrotherapy? It is an alternative treatment that helps reduce pain in some patients. For this purpose, electricity is used to send a signal to the painful area.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation, the most important and most relevant branch of medicine, deals with the whole body. Physical therapy and rehabilitation is a branch directly related to areas such as low back and neck pain, joint pain, stroke, paralysis, spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s and MS rehabilitation, rheumatological rehabilitation, orthopedic rehabilitation, athlete health. In other words, it works in cooperation with other branches of medicine, supports, and complements other branches of medicine.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation have different treatment options depending on the condition of the disease and the patient’s physical capacity. Physical therapy and rehabilitation determine treatment methods to relieve the pain of the patients, to restore the function of the organs that have lost their function, and to recover the patient quickly after the surgical operation. The electrotherapy method is also used as a very important improvement method in physical therapy and rehabilitation applications. fizyobul.com enables patients to quickly regain their health by using the electrotherapy method in physical therapy and rehabilitation applications at home.
What is electrotherapy?
Electrotherapy is a method based on using electricity to treat pain. It is a therapeutic action that develops and reaches a privileged position. As we will explain below, it is a treatment method that complements other methods.
The goal of this type of technique is to eliminate acute pain through electricity that interferes with the signals that the brain sends to the affected area.
Electrotherapy application requires a prior and deep analysis of the patient. Many people resist out of fear or ignorance.
Likewise, it is necessary to know the person’s skin type and whether he has any sensory impairments. In summary, electrotherapy is customized to the characteristics of each individual and individual.
The most successful ways of electrotherapy
These are the electrotherapy techniques and processes most used in practice to reduce pain ;
TENS (Transcutaneous electrical stimulation)
TENS is one of the most common local electrotherapy methods used to reduce pain from the spine. When applied, constant impulses are produced that regulate or eliminate painful signals.
In particular, this process is based on the ‘gateway’ theory. In other words, electricity is directed to the lesion itself to avoid the perception of pain in other areas.
The situations where this local electrotherapy method is used more are;
- Acute chronic pain.
- Complex regional pain.
- Post-operative pain.
- Acute musculoskeletal pain. (Arthritis, myofascial pain, dysmenorrhea, etc.)
- Neuropathic pain. (Tension headache, neuralgia, etc.)
This application is not recommended for pregnant women, people with pacemakers, and is not applied to places close to the carotid sinus area. In most people, the only result is a short-term irritation at the application site.
Ultrasound is a mechanical vibration of different frequencies that emits sound waves across the skin. Various medications that pass through tissues are used to treat pain.
The aim is to reduce pain and speed up the healing process through heat. Ultrasound is mainly used for chronic back pain. It can be used even in situations where the origin of the ailment is unknown. The results are short-term and very beneficial for patients to continue their routine.
DC Therapy or Galvanization
With this therapy, the current that reaches the body through the electrodes relaxes and activates the muscles. In this way, a positively charged electrode is used to relieve localized pain.
It can be completed with DC ultrasound, it all depends on the patient’s disease history and diagnosis. This electrotherapy technique is especially applied to the spine and limbs.
Depending on the situation, the current is directed transversely or longitudinally. The goal is to cause pain relief in the inflamed area. In patients with chronic pain, the cathode is placed directly at the point to be treated.
This is a method used in electrotherapy to block pain signals. Electrodes are placed in specific areas near the spine. A device is also inserted into the skin. What is achieved in this way is the elimination of pain impulses in the brain.
High-frequency therapy is extremely beneficial for back and leg pain. Thus, constant tingling of low-frequency treatments is avoided. Its only negative point is a slight irritation in the applied area.
What are the mechanisms activated in electrotherapy?
Local methods used to reduce pain can act alone or together. These are all alternatives used to quickly reduce the patient’s pain and restore mobility. The mechanisms produced by electrotherapy for this to happen are as follows;
- Precise stimulation produced by galvanic components that produce local anesthesia.
- Numbness of the nerves in the area where the electric current circulates.
- Precise stimulation caused by the gateway effect without galvanic components.
- The formation of contractions that improve blood circulation, relax muscles, and facilitate recovery.
Electrotherapy continues to advance as a method to reduce pain. There are several machines on the market that are increasingly developing for this type of treatment. Of course, what matters is that physical therapists can achieve a better quality of life for all patients.
When Should Electrotherapy Treatment Not Be Used?
Electrotherapy treatment, which is a very common area of use, is used to increase circulation, relieve muscle spasms, reduce and eliminate edema, and create analgesia in chronic or cutaneous diseases. A low-intensity current is applied directly to the area of the body where electrotherapy will be applied, thus stimulating the sensory nerves and preventing pain. It usually takes 20-30 minutes. Under the supervision and knowledge of experts,
- Stroke cerebral palsy
- Waist and neck hernias
- Dental prosthesis
- The electrotherapy method that can be used in diseases such as,
- Risk of thrombo-embolism
- Epilepsy risk
- should not be used when it comes to.
With years of experience and knowledge, which removes the health problems of its patients and restores them to their former health, obtains very good results in electrotherapy treatment and physical therapy and rehabilitation applications. You can contact us and make an appointment through our phones or social media accounts.