Throat burning sore throat, which makes swallowing and eating difficult, can cause anxiety, especially in recent times. Although it is more common with the cooling of the weather in winter, it is possible to experience throat burning regardless of the season. Before experiencing anxiety, it is necessary to find the cause and find a solution accordingly. So, what causes throat burning, and what is good for throat burning?
What causes a burning throat?
Throat burning is not a disease, but a symptom that develops due to the disease. For this reason, finding the disease that causes throat burning is important to manage the treatment process. Some of the diseases that cause throat burning; pharyngitis, tonsillitis, GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease), and allergic rhinitis. The important point here is to make a correct diagnosis under the control of a physician and to apply treatment accordingly. The presence of symptoms accompanying a burning throat can be evaluated to make a diagnosis.
What are the diseases that cause throat burning?
Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the pharynx area at the back of the throat. The incidence of pharyngitis increases, especially in winter. The reason for this is that the immune system weakens in cold weather and becomes more susceptible to infection. Microbial agents such as viruses and bacteria, professions that require a lot of talking such as teaching, smoking, hay fever, allergies, not enough fluid intake, reflux, consumption of extremely cold or hot foods, intense spice use are among the factors that cause pharyngitis.
Pharyngitis can be seen in 2 forms, acute and chronic (chronic). Symptoms in chronic pharyngitis are milder than in acute pharyngitis. Symptoms of the disease are as follows;
- Burning and pain in the throat,
- Runny nose,
- Difficulty swallowing and pain
- while swallowing,
- A feeling of stuck in the throat,
It can be decided whether pharyngitis is acute or chronic, after questioning factors such as the person’s working conditions and occupation, the amount of fluid consumed daily, and the environment he is in, and a physical examination is performed.
If acute pharyngitis is of bacterial origin, medical solutions such as antibiotics, analgesics (pain relievers) and nasal spray reduce the symptoms of the person and improve them. Since the use of antibiotics will be unnecessary if it is viral, symptom-relieving drugs are prescribed and the person is recommended to consume plenty of fluids. In chronic pharyngitis, the factor that causes pharyngitis (dust, cigarette, alcohol, chemicals, etc.) should be removed from the environment where the person is.
Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils at the back of the throat. Pharyngitis and tonsillitis can be seen at the same time, but it is possible to be seen separately. The tonsils that produce white blood cells for the body to fight off pathogenic microorganisms are the body’s first line of defense and can become inflamed when exposed to an infectious agent. Tonsillitis is mostly caused by viruses, but can also occur due to bacterial causes. It is generally seen in children, but it is also common in adults and adolescents.
It can be grouped in 3 different ways as acute, recurrent, or chronic. Symptoms are similar in all 3 groups and are as follows;
- Swollen and red tonsils,
- Yellow or white membrane-like inflamed areas on the tonsils, –
- Difficulty swallowing,
- Pain and pain during swallowing,
- Sore throat,
- Throat burning,
- High fever,
- Weakness and fatigue,
- Palpable, enlarged, tender, and painful lymph nodes under the neck or chin,
- Ear pain,
- Bad breath and bad breath,
- Nausea and vomiting,
- Nasal discharge.
If the cause of tonsillitis is viral agents, the disease can be easily overcome by resting at home. During resting at home, plenty of fluid intakes, protein-rich nutrition, and bed rest accelerate the healing process. If the disease is caused by bacterial, antibiotic treatment can be applied in addition to resting at home.
GERD (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE)
Reflux is a condition characterized by the leakage of gastric fluid consisting of acid and mucus up the esophagus as a result of a decrease in the lower esophageal (esophageal) sphincter pressure. Reflux can be seen in healthy individuals, but if reflux is frequent enough to damage the esophagus and throat, it is considered a disease. Obesity, pregnancy, standing in an inclined position, consumption of excessively spicy or bitter foods are among the factors that cause reflux.
Since the gastric fluid is acidic, symptoms such as the burning of the esophagus and throat occur as a result of continuous contact with the esophagus and throat. The symptoms of reflux disease are as follows;
– Stomach contents coming into the mouth,
– Burning sensation in the upper abdomen and throat,
– Difficulty swallowing,
– Painful swallowing,
– Chronic pharyngitis due to throat irritation,
– The need for continuous burping,
– Dry cough,
– Bad breath and bad breath,
– Tooth decays.
Symptoms get worse after consuming too fatty or caffeine, alcohol-containing foods, and chocolate
Using antacid tablets and proton pump inhibitors for the treatment of reflux disease, the acidity of the gastric fluid can be reduced and damage to the esophagus and throat can be prevented. In addition to medication, lifestyle changes are also very important for reducing the symptoms of reflux disease. Not eating or drinking 3-4 hours before going to sleep; avoiding consumption of alcoholic, caffeinated, fatty foods and chocolate; reducing fluid intake with meals; Trying citrus fruits, tomatoes, raw vegetables, and fruits to look for discomfort and consume them accordingly; not using too-tight corsets and belts; raising the headboard by 15-20 cm; Getting rid of excess weight and reducing smoking will improve the symptoms of reflux disease.
The arrival of the spring months, the blooming of the flowers, and the green color all around are pleasing for people, but it can be a very challenging period for some. The increase in pollen in the spring period can cause the awakening of the flowers and nature, as well as the awakening of allergic rhinitis. Allergy is an overreaction to a non-pathogenic substance and is also called atopy. It occurs as a result of the immune system’s wrong answer Rhinitis is inflammation, edema, or inflammation of the mucosa covering the inside of the nose. It can develop as a result of bacterial or allergy and its occurrence as a result of allergy is called allergic rhinitis.
The following symptoms are seen in allergic rhinitis;
- Throat burning,
- Pain and itching in the throat,
- Itching and redness in the
- Watery discharge in the eyes,
- Nasal congestion,
- Nasal congestion, –
Changes in taste,
- Frequent waking from sleep,
- Dry throat.
You may feel drowsy during the day, as symptoms cause poor sleep quality.
Treatment in allergic rhinitis is not standard, it is determined by the patient’s symptoms. If the patient has nasal congestion and discharge, nasal sprays containing saline can be used to wash the inner surface of the nose. Cortisone nasal sprays reduce the inflammation in the nose and pill treatment can be applied to relieve congestion. Antihistamine treatment can be applied to reduce allergy symptoms in patients.
What is good for throat burning?
A sore throat can occur as a symptom of different diseases as mentioned above. In order to reduce the burning of the throat, it is necessary to make an application according to the disease.
If it occurred as a result of throat burning, pharyngitis, or tonsillitis;
- Gargle with a solution prepared by adding 1 teaspoon of table salt to 1 glass of boiled
and warmed water,
- Consuming food and beverages warm or cold as very hot foods cause irritation, – Humidifying the air as dry air will cause irritation in the throat, – Chamomile, balm, Drinking herbal teas such as linden,
- Avoiding very bitter and spicy foods helps reduce sore throat.
To reduce reflux if throat burning occurs as a result of reflux disease;
- Trying raw vegetables and fruits and testing their disturbance,
- Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, fatty foods, and chocolate,
- Do not eat or drink anything 3-4 hours before going to sleep,
- The bed headboard is 15-20 cm. remove,
- Avoiding using tight belts and corsets
- Losing excess weight, – Nutrition rich in protein can be used.
If throat burning occurred as a result of allergic rhinitis;
- Finding the substance that causes rhinitis by having an allergy test and avoiding the cause as much as possible will alleviate the symptoms.
If you are experiencing throat burning, it would be the healthiest decision to consult a physician to find the disease that caused it.
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