What are the causes of pain and swelling in the throat?
1. Infections: This is the most common cause. It is often caused by viruses. There may be swelling and pain in the throat in diseases such as cold, pharyngitis, and flu. The beta group of bacteria that most commonly infect the throat are streptococci. These are treated with antibiotics. There is no need to use antibiotics for viral infections.
2. Heartburn and stomach reflux: Reflux is the backflow of stomach contents towards the esophagus and mouth. If you have stomach reflux, you may see the following symptoms:
- burning in the throat,
- a sour taste in your mouth
- burp constantly
- chest pain
- dry cough
- bad breath
3. Allergic diseases: Dust, mites, pollen, a meal you eat, the medicine you take, insect bites or bites can trigger the allergy. Allergy can be in the form of skin rash and itching as well as symptoms in the respiratory tract. A very severe allergy is called anaphylaxis. In anaphylaxis, there may be symptoms such as sudden swelling in the throat, inability to breathe, wheezing, cough, dizziness, fainting, abdominal pain, and palpitations. When faced with this situation, you should seek emergency medical help
4. Panic attack: During a panic attack, you may experience a feeling of choking and palpitations in your throat. At the same time, there may be sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, headache, tremors, and intense inner distress.
5. Goiter: The enlargement of the thyroid gland is called a goiter. Goiter can cause swelling, cough, and hoarseness in the throat.
What are the symptoms accompanying throat swelling?
- Pain or itching sensation in the throat
- Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
- Difficulty swallowing
- Swollen and painful glands on the neck or under the chin
- Swollen and red tonsils
- White-gray pus layer on the tonsils
Sore throat is most commonly caused by infections. If you have an infection in your throat, the following symptoms may accompany:
- Runny nose
- Body aches
- Nausea or vomiting
If you have a mild sore throat and swelling, you can relax at home by taking some precautions. However, if you have the following symptoms with throat swelling, you should definitely go to the doctor:
- Severe or lasting sore throat for more than a week
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty opening your mouth
- Joint pain
- Fever higher than 38.3 C
- Blood in your saliva or sputum
- Frequent sore throat
- A lump on your neck
- Hoarseness that lasts for more than two weeks
- Swelling in your neck or face
What are the home measures for sore throat and swelling? What is good for throat swelling?
If there are no serious symptoms listed above, or if you are told that you have upper respiratory tract infection when you go to the doctor, you can try the following methods at home, apart from the medications given by your doctor:
- Gargling with salt water: Gargling with warm salt water is good for both sore throat and throat swelling. Salt attracts mucus in the throat. It is recommended to repeat the saltwater mouthwash several times a day.
- Soaking lozenges: Lozenges are available without a prescription. It is used by absorption. When used, it gives a feeling of relief in the throat. It has pain-relieving properties. You can take it 2-3 times a day.
- Using painkillers: Using a paracetamol group pain reliever every 6 hours will alleviate your sore throat and difficulty swallowing.
- Drinking Honey Tea: Warm tea sweetened with honey helps relieve a sore throat. You can also eat honey directly or consume it with green tea. Green tea can help reduce inflammation as an antibacterial, pain reliever, and rich source of antioxidants.
- Echinacea and sage: Echinacea and sage help reduce symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections when sweetened with honey and consumed.
- Drinking plenty of water: When you are dehydrated, the saliva in your mouth decreases. Saliva cleans the mouth and throat and has the ability to keep it soft. Your condition may get worse when your mouth is dry. Therefore, you should drink plenty of fluids. You can consume freshly squeezed juices, tea, and soups with water. During the illness, caffeine and alcohol should be avoided.
- Humidifying the air: Humidifying the air softens your swollen nose and throat, allowing you to breathe more comfortably.
Taking a steam shower: If you do not have a humidifier at home, you can take a shower and breathe hot water vapor. This method will also relieve your nose and throat.
- Lying on a higher pillow: Sleeping on a higher pillow will relieve your breathing, which becomes difficult due to your blocked nose and swollen throat. This way, your chances of sleeping with an open mouth will decrease.
- Chamomile tea: Chamomile tea is a natural soothing. It has been used for a long time to relieve a sore throat. It has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-edema effects. In this state, it can be good for throat swelling. Breathing chamomile vapor also has a relaxing effect on the respiratory tract.
- Mint: Mint breath has the ability to refresh. Diluted peppermint oil sprays soothe a sore throat. The menthol contained in mint reduces mucus and is good for sore throat and cough. Peppermint also has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antiviral properties.
- Mouthwash with baking soda: A small amount of baking soda in salt water can reduce the sensation of pain and swell in the throat. Gargle water should not be swallowed. This solution makes it easier for bacteria to die. Generally recommended preparation: 1 cup warm water, 1/4 teaspoon baking soda, and 1/8 teaspoon salt.
- Fenugreek: Studies have shown that fenugreek has germicidal properties. You can consume fenugreek tea.
- Marshmallow root: Marshmallow root can be boiled and consumed as a tea. Diabetics should consult their doctor before using this tea.
- Licorice root: Licorice root has been used for sore throats for many years. It can be mixed with water and gargled or used as a lozenge. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not use it.
- Apple cider vinegar: Apple cider vinegar is a natural antibacterial. Due to its acidic nature, it can be used to help break down mucus in the throat and prevent the spread of bacteria. It can be used as a mouthwash after diluting with water.
- Garlic: Garlic has natural antibacterial properties. Contains allicin, an organosulfur compound known for its ability to fight infections. Studies have shown that using garlic regularly can help prevent the common cold virus.
- Chili or hot sauce: Often used as a pain reliever, chili peppers contain capsaicin, a natural compound known to block pain receptors. Although not scientifically proven, swallowing the bitterness mixed with warm water and honey can relieve a sore throat.
- Lemon juice: Lemon juice is a refreshing beverage that can reduce sore throat during cold or flu. Contains lemon, vitamin C, and other powerful antioxidants. These compounds fight inflammation. Lemon also increases the amount of saliva in the mouth.
- Ginger root tea: Ginger is a spice with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects that can help relieve a sore throat. Some lab studies have found that ginger extract can kill some of the bacteria and viruses that cause respiratory diseases. There are claims that it can also reduce inflammation in people with tuberculosis with lung disease.
- Ginger tea recipe: grate fresh ginger root, add 1 liter of boiled water, wait 10 minutes. Then it is drunk by adding lemon juice and honey.
- Cinnamon: Cinnamon is a fragrant and delicious spice with high antioxidant content. It also has antibacterial benefits.
- Chicken broth soup: Chicken soup is a well-known natural cold and sore throat remedy. It is also a comfort food that allows people to drink more when they are sick. It is more beneficial to consume soup by adding garlic.
If you have a chronic disease and use medication, consult your physician before trying the methods listed above. If your complaints increase while trying these methods, visit your doctor again. We wish you healthy days.
The page content is for informational purposes only. Items containing information about therapeutic healthcare services are not included in the content of the page. Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.