Hidden sugar,The unhealthy diet, irregular lifestyle, and bad habits adopted by people today often cause some health problems. Diabetes is one of the diseases closely related to our daily activities such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, and the foods we consume. Similar to other diseases, if the person has a certain genetic predisposition; It can occur as a result of improper eating habits and an inactive life. The development process of diabetes does not develop in a sudden time interval. In this sense, it does not cause much clinical complaints and symptoms before diabetes; However, there is an early period when body balance starts to deteriorate. This period is popularly referred to as “hidden candy”.
In order to protect, improve, and improve our health, it is very important to know such problems that affect our health negatively and to take preventive and therapeutic steps correctly accordingly. In this direction, first of all, it is necessary to know what diabetes and latent sugar status are.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes or diabetes is an uncontrolled increase in blood sugar as a result of the disruption of the regulation mechanisms of the amount of sugar in the blood by the insulin hormone and damage to the tissues associated with it. The underlying mechanisms are divided into types according to the reason for the impairment of the production and secretion of the insulin hormone. Accordingly, if insulin production is directly interrupted due to auto-immune reactions in the body, Type 1 diabetes; Although insulin work is disrupted due to factors including genetic inheritance, diet, body weight, and exercise, Type 2 diabetes is mentioned.
While the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in the community was calculated as 5%; Type 2 diabetes is detected in 9 out of every 100 people. Diabetes around the world; is one of the most important causes of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, and leg amputations. According to the data of the World Health Organization, 1.6 million people died directly due to diabetes in 2016.
What is hidden sugar?
The mechanisms of diabetes do not develop suddenly. In people who are genetically susceptible to diabetes (such as those with first degree relatives with diabetes in the family), poor eating habits, sedentary (sedentary, less exercised) lifestyle, severe weight gain, or other chronic diseases, the insulin hormone that provides the blood sugar balance in the body its operation begins to deteriorate. Accordingly, the amount of insulin hormone sufficient to keep the blood sugar at normal values in healthy people cannot return the blood sugar to the required value range in the presence of these conditions. This is called insulin resistance.
When insulin resistance starts to develop, the body starts to produce more insulin hormone to strengthen the effect of insulin that cannot show enough efficiency. Accordingly, the amount of insulin detected in the blood increases. In this process, the body can continue to keep a certain amount of blood sugar regular. However, if the mentioned negative habits and behaviors continue, the insulin production capacity of the body starts to decrease and it cannot produce enough insulin. As a result, blood sugar starts to rise again. This process, which is popularly referred to as “hidden sugar”, is called prediabetes. When the amount of insulin falls below a certain level and blood sugar rises excessively, diabetes is mentioned.
The point to be considered here is that; In the case of latent sugar, if the above mentioned negative factors are eliminated, the defects in the mechanisms can be reversed. In a person with latent sugar, the development of diabetes can be prevented with the right lifestyle changes and treatment
What are the causes of hidden sugar?
Hidden sugars are more likely to occur in people with certain risk factors. Accordingly, the factors that can cause hidden sugar can be summarized as follows:
- Being overweight or obesity
- No-activity (sedentary) lifestyle
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Presence of type 2 diabetes diagnosis in first-degree family relatives
- Having a baby with a birth weight over 4000 grams
What symptoms does hidden sugar cause?
In the presence of prediabetes or hidden sugar, no specific complaint or finding is usually detected. Studies show that only 10% of people with prediabetes have certain complaints. Therefore, the diagnosis of latent diabetes is often detected incidentally during blood tests performed for different health problems.
However, depending on the level of blood sugar and how long it is at high levels, some signs or symptoms may occur before diabetes develops. These can be listed as follows:
- Increased body weight and obesity
- Frequent hunger or need to eat a lot
- High blood pressure
- Increased blood cholesterol
- Weakness, fatigue, and decreased concentration
- Discoloration of the skin (darkening of the skin in the fold areas – acanthosis nigricans)
How is the diagnosis of latent diabetes?
The diagnosis of diabetes is generally based on measuring fasting and/or postprandial blood glucose level, determining the HbA1c value, also called quarterly blood sugar, and questioning the presence of organ or tissue damage due to diabetes. In a healthy person, fasting blood glucose level is calculated between 70-100 mg/dl. In this direction, diabetes can be diagnosed in the following situations.
- Fasting blood glucose above 125 mg / dl
- Postprandial blood glucose above 200 mg / dl
- HbA1c value above 6.5 mg / dl
- Presence of diabetes-related damage in various tissues such as eyes, kidneys, nerve cells
In line with this information, if the fasting blood glucose measured in a person is measured in the range of 100 – 124 mg/dl, impaired fasting blood sugar is mentioned and it can be said that this person has a disorder in the regulation of blood sugar in case of fasting. Again, if a person’s postprandial blood glucose is detected in the range of 140 – 199 mg/dl, it is mentioned that impaired glucose tolerance is mentioned, and in this case, a decrease in the function of lowering the blood sugar of insulin can be mentioned. As another test, it can be said that people with HbA1c values between 5.5 and 6.4 have high blood sugar for three months and prediabetes.
In this sense, if impaired fasting sugar or glucose tolerance is detected in the person, prediabetes, that is, occult sugar is diagnosed. These people have a high risk of diabetes; however, this risk can be eliminated with appropriate treatment and precautions. However, if diabetes develops, this recycling cannot be mentioned. Considering all of these, it is important to take hidden sugar very seriously, and necessary precautions should be taken by starting appropriate treatment.
What is done in hidden sugar treatment?
The aim of the correction of hidden sugar is to restore insulin to its normal function. For this purpose, it is aimed to eliminate the factors that affect the occurrence of insulin resistance. Measures that can be taken in this direction can be listed as follows:
- Healthy and balanced eating habits should be gained. The consumption of unnecessary and large amounts of carbohydrate-heavy foods should be avoided.
- Sedentary life should be ended, regular sports and exercise should be done. An increase in daily activity should be targeted. Accordingly, walking or cycling may be preferred instead of traveling by vehicle; You can go upstairs with stairs instead of elevators.
- It should be ensured that the body reaches the ideal weight. In this sense, it should be aimed to reach the body mass index in the range of 18-25. In this sense, exercise can be planned by starting appropriate diet programs with dieticians.
- Smoking and alcohol consumption should be stopped.
Apart from these precautions, oral antidiabetic drugs may be prescribed to the person if deemed necessary as a result of the evaluation of a specialist physician. In this context, the most preferred drug is metformin, which significantly reduces insulin resistance in patients, making significant improvements in blood sugar levels, and helping to lose weight.
If secret sugar is detected as a result of your blood tests, you can apply it to the nearest health institution to be evaluated by a specialist physician. Wishing you healthy days.
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