What is hypertension? What are the symptoms and treatment methods?

Hypertension is one of the most common chronic diseases all over the world. In our country, almost 15 million people, that is, one out of every 3 people, have symptoms of high blood pressure. Approximately 5-6% of these patients can regain their health with effective treatment.

What is hypertension?


Blood is pumped through the heart and exerts pressure on the veins as it circulates through the veins. The blood pressure value, defined as blood pressure, varies from person to person. Blood pressure is divided into systolic and diastolic. The heart contracts and pushes blood towards the veins. The blood pressure at which blood pushes into the veins is called systolic. When the heart relaxes, there is still blood pressure in the veins. This pressure is called diastolic. systolic blood pressure; Also known as diastolic blood pressure. An adult over 18 years of age should have a resting normal systolic blood pressure of 120mmHg, and normal diastolic blood pressure of 80mmHg. In patients with hypertension, the value of the pressure in the blood vessels is above normal.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?


It may not show any symptoms unless the blood pressure rises above 180/110 mmHg. But when it is constantly high, it harms the body. The most common symptoms of high blood pressure are:

  • Frequent urination, especially waking up at night to urinate
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness, fatigue, restlessness
  • Tinnitus
  • Nosebleeds
  • Irregular heartbeat and heart pain
  • Dizziness and headache

What are the causes of hypertension?


There are two most important causes of high blood pressure, genetic and environmental factors. People with a first-degree relative with a history of hypertension are at greater risk of developing hypertension. The most common causes of hypertension are:

  • Eating excessively salty foods
  • High intracranial pressure
  • The narrowness of the area where the aorta exits from the heart
  • Crohn’s and Cushing’s disease, which is caused by excessive secretion of cortisone or aldosterone hormones secreted from the kidneys.
  • kidney tumors
  • Acute or chronic kidney diseases
  • Narrowing of kidney vessels
  • Thyroid gland diseases
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Pregnancy
  • Illegal drugs such as cold medicines, decongestants, some pain relievers, birth control pills, cocaine and amphetamines
  • Overweight
  • Alcohol and smoking

How is hypertension treated?


For the treatment of high blood pressure patients, first of all, patients are asked to make changes in their lifestyle. If the blood pressure patient is above the ideal weight, it is recommended to apply an adequate and balanced diet program to return to the ideal weight. Salt consumption is restricted and fruit and vegetable consumption is increased. Foods high in saturated fat, such as margarine, butter, and lard, are excluded from the diet. Alcohol and cigarette use should definitely be stopped. Regular physical activity of blood pressure patients helps to regulate their blood pressure. Drug therapy is administered to patients who cannot adapt to changes in lifestyle or whose blood pressure cannot be lowered despite the changes. Hypertension, which is a chronic disease, requires doctor control at certain intervals throughout life.

What lowers blood pressure?


  • In case of high blood pressure, it is recommended that the patient wash their hands, feet and arms with normal tap water. Showering with cold water also helps lower blood pressure.
  • When blood pressure rises, squeezing and diluting the juice of a lemon can lower blood pressure.
  • Unsalted yogurt and ayran also have a blood pressure lowering effect. However, extra care should be taken to ensure that yogurt or ayran is unsalted.
  • Juices of fruits such as pomegranate and grapefruit, and thyme juice are also blood pressure lowering.
  • Garlic, which is used in high blood pressure among the people, also has a blood pressure lowering effect.

The page content is for informational purposes only. The content of the page does not include items containing information on therapeutic health care. Consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

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