What is MCHC? Blood tests have a wide variety of uses and are one of the most common types of medical tests. Among the purposes of the use of blood tests;
- Determining the general health status of the person,
- Determining whether there is an infection,
Screening for certain genetic conditions,
- Determining whether some organs such as the liver and kidneys are working properly.
What is the hemogram test?
In other words, complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test that determines the general health status of people and gives an idea about the diseases found, if any.
Diseases that have guiding importance in the diagnosis phase;
- Infection and inflammation conditions,
- Leukemia and other types of cancer,
- Bleeding or coagulation disorders
Follow-up of liver diseases such as hepatitis,
- Bone marrow diseases,
- Anemia, also known as anemia,
- Autoimmune diseases (These diseases occur when the cells in the body’s defense attack the body’s own tissues and organs.)
Some values such as size, color, distribution are measured in relation to the cells and cells in the human blood circulation. It is used not only for diagnosis but also as a differential diagnosis of many diseases.
How is the hemogram test (Complete blood count) done?
Since the vein, which is one of the blood vessels, is closer to the surface, blood collection is done with the blood taken from these vessels. No special preparation is required for the hemogram test. However, if you take regular medication or have chronic illnesses, inform your physician about this situation.
While the veins in the arms are generally used in adults, blood samples are taken from the veins on the hand surface in children and from the heel in newborns. A Hemogram tests can be done on an empty or full stomach. The blood sample taken is taken into tubes without waiting, which contains an anticoagulant substance called EDTA. The blood sample taken is sent to the laboratory for examination and analyzed.
How is the hemogram test (Complete blood count) report evaluated?
Various abbreviations are used for the number of cells and the calculated rates in the report of the hemogram test.
- Red blood cell count as RBC,
- Hemoglobin as HGB,
- white blood cell count WBC,
- Red blood cell indices are expressed as MCHC, MCV, MCH, RDW.
While the result document is evaluated in the test report, it is reported according to whether it is lower or higher than the limit values. While the limit values used in this reporting process are determined according to the age value in adults, the limit values in children are determined according to age and gender.
This situation is indicated in the report with signs or color changes in values that are out of the limits. An article about the disease in the report paper does not write a diagnosis. The report result is used by the physician who requests the hemogram test to make a diagnosis by considering the patient’s complaints and physical examination.
MCHC (MEAN ERYTHROCYTE HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION)
One of the values checked in the complete blood count and hemogram test is the MCHC value. It is a marker that helps predict the hemoglobin concentration in red blood cells by MCHC.
Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein found in red blood cells. Hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen to other tissues and organs of the body by attaching to the oxygen entering the lungs. In addition, hemoglobin helps red blood cells take on and maintain their disc-shaped appearance. With this disc-shaped structure, blood cells are enabled to move more easily within the blood vessels
When is the MCHC test ordered?
MCHC test may be ordered for symptoms such as fainting, fatigue, weakness, headache, infection, bruising, or inflammation on the skin, diarrhea.
What are the normal values for MCHC?
- In adult individuals, between 33 – 36 g / dl,
- Between 30 – 36 g / dl in newborn babies,
- Between 29 – 37 g / dl in babies between 1 and 3 days old,
- Between 28 – 38 g / dl in 1 – 2 weeks old babies,
- Between 29 – 37 g / dl in 1 – 2 months old babies,
- Between 30 – 36 g / dl in 3 months – 2 years old babies,
- In children older than 2 years, it is accepted to be between 31 – 37 g / dl, normal values.
The above-mentioned values may differ from the measuring machines.
What does low MCHC mean?
It is considered low with the MCHC level falling below 31%. Low MCHC means that the number of molecules such as oxygen and iron carried by the hemoglobin protein in red blood cells decreases. As a result, it results in not being able to carry enough oxygen to the tissues and organs in the body.
What are the symptoms of low MCHC?
Similar complaints are usually observed in patients diagnosed with low MCHC. Among the common symptoms;
- Shortness of breath,
- Permanent fatigue, – Pale,skin
- Numbness in the hands and feet,
- Easy bruising on the body.
People with mild or recent low MCHC levels may also have no symptoms.
What are the causes of low MCHC value?
One of the most common causes of low MCHC is anemia, also known as anemia. Among other reasons; The reasons such as blood loss, the proliferation of menstrual bleeding, pregnancy, stomach ulcer or bleeding, inadequate and balanced nutrition in terms of iron can be listed.
What does MCHC height mean?
It is considered high when the MCHC level rises above 36%
What are the symptoms of high MCHC?
MCHC height is not defined as the situation itself. However, symptoms may also change depending on the factor that causes the level to rise. In other words, the high MCHC level may change according to which disease the patient has.
Among the symptoms of autoimmune hemolytic anemia;
– A rapid heartbeat may be observed.
Among the symptoms of macrocytic anemia;
– Weight loss,
– Loss of appetite,
– Brittle hair and nails,
– Memory problems.
Symptoms of liver disease often include common signs of anemia. Among these symptoms;
– Pain in the right upper abdomen can be shown.
Among the general symptoms;
– Weight loss,
– The feeling of constant hunger,
– Rapid heartbeat,
– Too much sweating can be shown among these symptoms.
What are the reasons for the high MCHC value?
There are several potential reasons for this situation. Often people with conditions that cause red blood cells to be fragile or easily destroyed have high levels of MCHC.
Among the reasons for high MCHC;
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia; This disease is a disease in which elements in the body’s immune system attack their own red blood cells.
- macrocytic anemia; It is a type of blood disorder disease that results from some red blood cells being larger than their normal size.
- severe burns; burns and causes hemolytic anemia and consequently high MCHC values.
- Liver diseases; the liver is where hemoglobin is stored and processed. For this reason, anemia can often be seen in people with liver disease.
Among the other main reasons for the high MCHC value;
– The decrease in the number of vitamins entering the body,
– B-12 deficiency,
– Folic acid deficiency,
– Blood loss,
– Too much caffeine, tea consumption,
– More than normal fluid intake can be shown.
What needs to be done to return the MCHC level to normal?
If the MCHC value is high or low, your physician will create a suitable treatment method for you. In addition to your treatment, you should avoid excessive caffeine consumption and pay attention to a balanced and healthy diet.
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