In daily life, almost everyone complains of muscle pain, fatigue, and injuries, as well as more serious conditions. While sometimes muscle pains disappear within a few days, sometimes they can become chronic and become permanent. Muscle pain that passes in a few days does not cause major problems, while long-lasting and permanent muscle aches affect the daily life of people both in terms of activity and psychologically and cause a serious decrease in life comfort. These chronic conditions, in which muscle pains persist and negatively affect the life of the person, are called myalgia.
Myalgia is a condition that can also be referred to as muscle rheumatism among people, and it is the name given to muscle pain, which is generally continuous and has many different causes. Treatment of myalgia and elimination of pain depends primarily on finding the underlying cause.
What are the symptoms of myalgia?
The symptoms of myalgia vary and can sometimes be confused with symptoms of other diseases. Some of the most common myalgia symptoms include:
- Prolonged muscle pain
- Movement limitations in muscles with pain
- Muscle fatigue that does not go away with rest
- Muscle stiffness and tenderness in certain muscle groups
What are the causes of myalgia?
One of the most important factors in eliminating myalgia is to determine the cause correctly. Some of the reasons that cause myalgia are:
- OVERUSE AND STRAIN OF MUSCLES
Certain muscle groups are used more than others in daily life movements. Especially in some occupational groups, constant muscle pain is observed. Myalgia may develop as a result of overworking and straining of certain muscle groups, as well as people working in desk jobs and heavy lifting. In addition, factors such as posture disorders also increase the possibility of myalgia.
Some of the most common causes of myalgia, especially in the back and neck region, are posture disorders during working and consequently excessive load and strain on these muscle groups.
If injuries such as sprains and injuries, which are not considered very important, are not treated correctly and cannot be fully recovered, continuous pain and contractions may occur in the damaged muscle structures and surrounding muscles.
Injuries and injuries during sports can also cause myalgia. Exposing the muscles to excessive strain, especially without warming up, may pave the way for injuries and permanent muscle damage, and myalgia may develop as a result.
In addition to these, physical traumas and accidents experienced in the past are also likely to cause myalgia. Sometimes the cause of intense and continuous muscle pains of unknown origin may be accidents and injuries that occurred even a long time ago.
- VIRAL DISEASES (VIRAL DISEASES)
Prolonged flu-like viral illnesses can cause myalgia. Muscle pain due to viral diseases usually disappears with the recovery of the active disease, but sometimes it can become long-term and permanent by triggering other factors.
- ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCES
During the stretching and relaxation of the muscles, a series of chemical reactions occur in the body. In these chemical reactions, minerals, which we call electrolytes, break up into ions, which are small electrically charged particles when dissolved in water. In cases where electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium are seen more or less, various problems can be seen in the muscles. Electrolyte imbalances are suspected in sudden muscle cramps, especially with myalgia.
- METABOLIC DISORDERS AND DISEASES
Myalgia may occur as a reflection of diseases seen in organs and systems where vital functions such as the circulatory system, heart, kidney, and nervous system are maintained. In these diseases, sometimes muscle weakness and muscle loss are observed in addition to myalgia.
Performing all the necessary tests and examinations in the presence of myalgia is extremely important in terms of determining whether there is another disease or not. Myalgia can be considered among the early symptoms of even some types of cancer.
Fibromyalgia manifested by extreme sensitivity and pain in certain parts of the body; It is a soft tissue rheumatic pain syndrome that can be seen with extreme fatigue, sleep disturbance, and muscle stiffness in the morning. Fibromyalgia, which is more common in women than in men, can be confused with other diseases. Chest pains in the form of stinging that can be seen with fibromyalgia from time to time can even be mistaken for a heart attack. When missed with wrong diagnoses, although the pain decreases from time to time, it may reappear after a while and it affects the life of the person negatively when not treated. From time to time, symptoms such as difficulty in breathing and tinnitus can also be seen. Psychological and hormonal factors are also thought to be effective in fibromyalgia.
- CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
Chronic fatigue syndrome, a condition characterized by unrestful fatigue symptoms and reluctance, is seen especially in people with intense and stressful work lives and is considered among the causes of myalgia. Life stress is considered the most important cause of chronic fatigue syndrome and it is recommended to make some changes in lifestyle, eating habits, and stress management for this problem that cannot be solved by resting.
How is myalgia treated?
The most critical point in myalgia treatment is determining the cause of the disease. Treatment methods are determined according to the results of the tests. If there is no other metabolic disease behind myalgia, some treatment methods generally applied are as follows;
- HOT-COLD APPLICATION
Hot and cold applications in the presence of excessively strained muscles help the muscles to relax and reduce the pain. Hot water bags, heated compress bags, or heated towels are used for hot applications, while cold compress bags or ice chips can be used for cold applications. The point that should not be forgotten in these applications is that the applications are made with the advice of a specialist physician. Sometimes, as a result of wrong applications, edema, and similar conditions may increase and the applications may cause the pain to become more severe.
- MEDICATION TREATMENTS
If there is too much contraction in the muscles and pain due to these, pain relievers and muscle relaxants are used. In such cases, the dose of muscle relaxants and painkillers should be adjusted by the physician. The use of these drugs offers a symptomatic treatment that eliminates pain sensation for a certain time. However, if the cause of myalgia is not eliminated, pain may reappear after the effects of drugs pass.
If the cause of myalgia is a bacterium with muscle involvement, antibiotic medication can also be administered by the physician. In some cases, the origin of myalgia is based on psychological factors, and the use of antidepressant or anti-anxiety drugs in addition to therapy is deemed appropriate by specialist psychiatrists.
Physical therapy applications play a very important role in the treatment of myalgia that develops due to factors such as posture disorders, muscle weakness, and skeletal problems. Myalgias and underlying muscle problems can be treated with treatments such as electrotherapy, neural therapy, manipulation, and ozone therapy applied by physical therapy and rehabilitation specialists. In addition, massage applications by experts can help reduce and eliminate myalgia.
Regular exercise is very important to eliminate muscle pain that becomes chronic and myalgia. Performing exercises such as aerobic exercises, stretching and stretching exercises and endurance exercises correctly and regularly reduces the incidence of myalgia by making muscles stronger and more flexible. The important thing during exercise is the expert advice and correct application of the movements. Incorrect exercises can cause increased pain and other disabilities, as opposed to treating myalgia.
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