What is nerve compression? Causes of nerve compression

Nerve compression is among common health problems. There are many causes of nerve compression. The most important of these is stress. So what are the other conditions that cause nerve compression? What precautions should be taken against nerve compression? Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Assoc. Dr. Ahmet İnanır explained the nervous compression disease.

One of the most common health problems in our country is nerve compression. There are many causes of nerve compression. Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Assoc. Dr. Ahmet İnanır gave important information on the subject.

Dr. Ahmet İnanır touched upon other causes of nervous compression, “Besides the stress factor; Bone spurs, thyroid diseases, injury, rheumatoid arthritis, repetitive stress, prolonged lying, pregnancy, hobbies or sports activities, and obesity can increase the risk of nerve compression. ”

Can also alter the complaints of the affected nerves, but emphasizing that it can usually start with numbness, pain, tingling, complaints, weakness, and muscle-melting, Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist Assoc. Selçuk Göçmen said, “If the patients do not recover with rest, rehabilitation or other treatments, and if severe nerve compression is detected during examinations, surgical treatment is appropriate.”

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What are the symptoms of nerve compression?

Explaining the symptoms of nerve compression, Dr. “A pinched nerve occurs when too much pressure is placed on a nerve by surrounding tissues such as bones, cartilage, muscles, or tendons. Nerve compression that can be seen almost anywhere in the body shows different symptoms depending on where it appears. However, common symptoms in the area of ​​nerve compression include numbness, pain, and lack of feeling. Pain after sneezing and coughing is a sign of nerve compression in the spinal cord. Pain and a prickling sensation accompanying the ant can also be seen. The most common nerve compression in the hands and feet is the limitation of movement. ”

” Nerve compression can be seen in all age groups depending on the cause ”

Emphasizing that it can be seen in all age groups depending on the cause of nerve compression, Dr. “If the nerve is compressed for a short time, there is usually no permanent damage. After the pressure is relieved, nerve function returns to normal. However, if the pressure persists, chronic pain and permanent nerve damage can occur. Sometimes surgery is required to relieve pain from a pinched nerve. ”

What causes nerve compression?

Stating that the most common nerve compression is the clinical picture that is known as carpal tunnel syndrome and caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist, Assoc. Dr. Selcuk Gocmen, “In addition, we can count the clinical pictures of the ulnar nerve on the outside of our elbow and the peroneal nerve on the lateral and outer parts of our knee as common nerve entrapments.” Said. Causes of nerve compression include diabetes, rheumatic diseases, thyroid diseases, menopause, sitting and posture disorders, broken or displaced bones, pregnancy, obesity, sudden weight loss, tumors, repetitive wrong movements, and wrong positions while sitting and lying down. The main factors that increase the incidence of the problem are Assoc. Dr. Selçuk Göçmen said, “Activities such as holding objects firmly and violently with the hand and bending the wrist excessively increase the rate of seeing similarly.

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Can lead to the inability to walk

Stating that if nerve compression is not treated, daily activities may be difficult and walking problems can be seen. Dr. Gocmen said, “If the nerve compression is in the hand, serious difficulties arise in patients in performing daily activities such as carrying bags, writing, and holding a glass. In severe nerve compression in the legs, the patient cannot walk and may start rolling. This may cause problems such as tripping and falling, not being able to climb stairs, not being able to drive, “he said.

Treatment varies according to the level of impingement

Stating that the conservative treatment applied for mild and moderate nerve compression is to eliminate the pressure on the nerve, the treatment can also be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs or cortisone injections can be administered, Assoc. Dr. Selcuk Gocmen said, “If the patients do not heal with rest, rehabilitation or other treatments and severe nerve compression is detected in the examinations, surgical treatment may be appropriate. In open surgery, an incision is made, the bands that create pressure on the nerve are cut and the nerve is released. In the endoscopic method, a small incision is made, the band is cut from the inside with an endoscopic camera and the pressure is removed. Both methods are usually performed under local anesthesia. The operation takes about 30 minutes and the patient can be admitted daily, ”he said.

7 ways to protect the nerves

  • Pay attention to your sitting, lying, and standing positions and do not stay in the wrong position for a long time. For example, do not sit with your legs crossed or crossed for a long time.
  • If you are a housewife, avoid compulsive movements such as constantly repeating diaper tightening and doing handicrafts.
  • Do not bend your wrists for extended periods of time if you are constantly using a keyboard/mouse.
  • Do not work with your elbows resting on the table or anywhere.
  • Do not carry too much weight with your hands and do not keep your wrists bent.
  • Practice stretching exercises regularly to keep the ligaments, joints, and muscles strong.
  • If you have diabetes, goiter, or rheumatological disease, do not neglect your routine check-ups.

What are the precautions to be taken against nerve compression?

Dr. Believes explained what needs to be done to prevent nerve compression as follows:

‘ Providing an ergonomic working environment: You can try to make changes in the working environment. Using an ergonomic mouse and keyboard can help reduce pressure on the hands and wrists. Raising a computer monitor to eye level can help reduce neck pain and neck symptoms. Putting a riser under one foot while standing can help keep the spine mobile and flexible, which can reduce back pain.

Posture change: Sitting or standing for long periods of time with the wrong posture creates unnecessary stress that can damage the spine and muscles and cause a nerve to jam. Adjusting the use of pillows, adjustable chairs, and neck supports can help relieve pressure and lay the groundwork for nerve healing.

Massage or physical therapy: Applying light pressure on the affected area can help relieve tension, and a full body massage can help muscles relax. Using a combination of physical therapy, exercise, massage, and gentle stretching can help relieve symptoms.

Stretching exercises: Gentle stretching can help reduce tension and pressure in the area. If a person feels any pain or discomfort while exercising, they should stop.

Raising the legs: They can provide relief by raising their legs to relieve any pressure on the spine. A person can achieve this by putting a few pillows under their knees so their legs make a 45-degree angle to the body.

Ice and heat packs: Switching between heat and ice packs can help reduce swelling and inflammation in most cases. Hold an ice pack for about 15-20 minutes at a time over the affected area three times a day to reduce inflammation.

Splint: If possible, attaching a splint to the affected area can help prevent further damage and help the nerve to heal.

Lifestyle changes: In the long term, adding low-impact exercises such as walking, swimming, or cycling to a daily regimen can help reduce symptoms and keep the body in shape. Losing excess weight can help reduce the pressure on the nerves, and the added mobility from a regular workout can reduce inflammation. ‘

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