Rheumatism, which involves muscles, bones, and ligaments, especially joints, is a general definition that includes many diseases. Rheumatism, which causes pain, swelling, and even limitation of movement, can lead to deformities in some cases. In rheumatic diseases, which are mostly chronic, early diagnosis and regular treatment are very important for people to continue their daily lives.
What is rheumatism?
Rheumatism is a chronic disease that can be seen in people of all age groups, including children, and is accompanied by pain and movement limitation in the movement system consisting of muscle, skeleton, and ligaments. Contrary to popular belief, this disease, which affects the internal organs in some cases, is not caused by weather events. Inflammatory rheumatism and I ltihapsız rheumatism as roughly divided into disconnected, rheumatism has many different subtypes.
Generally, in rheumatic diseases, muscle, back, and low back pain, pain, and swelling in the joints, digestive system complaints, problems in the heart and vascular system are seen. In addition to these, the main symptoms of rheumatic diseases are listed as follows:
- Neurological complaints
- Decreased kidney function
- Shortness of breath
- Restricted movement
- Joint stiffness in the morning hours
- Sensitivity of the skin to the sun
- Gland formation under the skin
- Stiffness seen in different parts of the body
Inflammation of the eyes
- Deterioration or loss of vision
- Prolonged high fever
Rheumatic diseases are damage that affects joints, muscles, bones, and ligaments, which are part of the movement system in the body. Although rheumatism is genetically inherited and its cause is not fully understood, the causes of inflammatory rheumatism and non-inflammatory rheumatism types are also different. Although the types of rheumatism that are inflamed are thought to be genetically inherited, it is not yet understood what causes this disease. However, non-inflammatory rheumatism can mostly be caused by genetic factors, excessive wear of the joint, excess weight, sports injuries, and traumas. In addition to environmental factors, gender and age are also very important in all types of rheumatism.
Types of rheumatism
Rheumatoid Arthritis known as joint rheumatism is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disease of unknown cause. It causes deformities and injuries as a result of affecting many joints at the same time. Since joint rheumatism is an inflammatory disease, which significantly reduces the quality of life, organ involvement is also seen from time to time. Its incidence in the community is between 0.5% and 1%, and although it can be seen at any age, it mostly begins between the ages of 30 and 50. It is two to three times more common in women than in men. Although the cause is not known exactly, genetic and environmental factors are considered to be effective. Environmental factors include smoking and rheumatism. It constitutes the biggest risk factor. In about 70% of patients, mild fever, weakness, weight loss, fatigue and joint pain that develops in a few weeks are among the first symptoms of the disease. Joint pain is mostly felt after sleep and rest. Morning stiffness is among the most important findings. Some other symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis are as follows:
- Swelling and pain in the hands
- Swelling in the elbows and knees
- Neck pain caused by involvement in some vertebrae
- Painless subcutaneous nodules
- Heart and lung involvement
- Sudden redness and pain in the eyes
- Neurological involvement
Fibromyalgia called muscular and soft tissue rheumatism progresses with a common pain. Here, the pain is not caused by the joints, but aches and pains are common. Morning stiffness and fatigue are accompanied by the presence of sensitive points in the body, sensitivity to internal and external stimuli, and sleep disturbances. Generally, bilateral pain is observed in patients with muscle and soft tissue rheumatism, which is quite common in the community, but more on one side. Pain is often felt in the neck, shoulders, back, chest, waist, hips, and knees. The severity and location of the pain may change from time to time. Fatigue and exhaustion are severe enough to reduce the quality of life of the patient and can last throughout the day. Patients wake up in the morning unreserved and their sleep is extremely light. They feel the need to toilet during the night. When complaints increase with cold, fatigue, overwork or inactivity, heat, massage, It decreases with rest and light exercise. Patients generally have sensitive personalities and depression can be diagnosed even though they are not depressed because some antidepressant drugs are good for the person. Not life-threatening there are no risks such as organ involvement in fibromyalgia disease.
There are many test methods for the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases. First of all, the patient’s story is carefully listened and his genetic history is carefully examined. After examining the symptoms with a physical examination, laboratory tests are requested when required by the physician. Although 70% of the diagnosis can be made with a good history and physical examination, laboratory tests are required in the differential diagnosis. Although there is no test called a rheumatism test, different tests are applied to clarify the type of rheumatic disease. These tests can be listed as follows:
- Calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase measurements to evaluate bone metabolism
- Blood tests to understand the presence and severity of inflammation
- Detecting the presence of anemia
- Immunological tests
- Examination of the fluid taken from the joint space
- Tissue examination with biopsy
- Electromyographic and radiological examinations
As with almost all diseases, early diagnosis is extremely important in rheumatic diseases. Disabilities and organ involvement can be prevented with early diagnosis
After the rheumatic disease is fully diagnosed, personalized treatment is started. The drugs are administered systemically, that is, internally in order to have an effect on the whole body. At this point, the aim may be to relieve the symptoms or to stop or regress the progression of the disease with drugs that have a positive effect on the course of the disease. Anti-inflammatory, disease-modifying drugs, cortisone, and many other methods can be used because of their positive effects. In addition, local treatments can be applied to the joints. Here, it is extremely important to apply the treatment method recommended by your doctor regularly and continuously.
Which section looks at rheumatism?
Rheumatic disease rheumatology section rheumatologist doctors look. Rheumatology; is a branch of science that examines rheumatic and other musculoskeletal diseases. Rheumatologists, physical therapy, and rehabilitation physicians work together in the department of rheumatology.
Is rheumatism genetic?
Genetic inheritance is very important in rheumatic diseases. Although the presence of people diagnosed with rheumatic diseases in the family increases the susceptibility, genetic factors are not certain about the cause of the disease. However, having a family history of the disease makes it easier to diagnose.
What is good for rheumatism pain?
There is a wide range of pain types found in rheumatic diseases. This situation makes the treatment method to be applied for the pain and other complaints caused by the disease special. For example, while spa treatment increases the complaints of rheumatic patients with inflammation, calcification may also be beneficial. Before trying different methods, you should definitely consult your doctor.
In the treatment of rheumatic diseases, drugs are used to stop and reverse the progression of the disease. The patient should be regularly checked by a doctor, and his condition should be re-evaluated with the physician and should aim to increase the quality of life. As with all medicines, rheumatism medications should be used under the supervision of a doctor. Medicines can be in the form of needles and pills. Exercise is also beneficial in situations recommended by your physician.
Foods that are not good for rheumatism
Although the foods that increase the complaints of patients vary from person to person, it may be inconvenient to generally consume white bread, sugary desserts, ice cream varieties, fried potatoes, and margarine.
Rheumatism in children
Rheumatism is seen in almost every age group, as well as in children. It is often confused with growing pains. Complaints such as joint pain, muscle weakness, and fever should be taken seriously and evaluated. In order to differentiate pain in children from growing pains, areas of pain should be carefully examined first. The leg, calf, and front of the leg are among the most common spots. The disease, which causes restrictions in children’s mobility, can also affect the whole body system. If these types of discomfort are not treated carefully and continuously, they may reach permanent and obstructive dimensions. Do not neglect to have your rheumatologist check-ups for the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases, for which early diagnosis is extremely important.
The page content is for informational purposes only. Items containing information about therapeutic healthcare services are not included in the content of the page. Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.
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